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The best black man in the galaxy (ChadWick Boseman. Clemency synonym. Clemency vs pardon. Lupus erythematosus Specialty Rheumatology Lupus erythematosus is a collection of autoimmune diseases in which the human immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks healthy tissues. [1] Symptoms of these diseases can affect many different body systems, including joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart, and lungs. The most common and most severe form is systemic lupus erythematosus. Signs and symptoms [ edit] Symptoms vary from person to person, and may come and go. Almost everyone with lupus has joint pain and swelling. Some develop arthritis. Frequently affected joints are the fingers, hands, wrists, and knees. Other common symptoms include: chest pain during respiration joint pain oral ulcer fatigue weight loss fever with no other cause general discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling ( malaise) hair loss sensitivity to sunlight a "butterfly" facial rash, seen in about half people with SLE swollen lymph nodes [2] Photosensitivity [ edit] Photosensitivity is a known symptom of lupus, but its relationship to and influence on other aspects of the disease remain to be defined. [3] Causes of photosensitivity may include: change in autoantibody location cytotoxicity induction of apoptosis with autoantigens in apoptotic blebs upregulation of adhesion molecules and cytokines induction of nitric oxide synthase expression ultraviolet -generated antigenic DNA. tumor necrosis factor alpha Genetics [ edit] It is typically believed that lupus is influenced by multiple genes. Lupus is usually influenced by gene polymorphisms, 30 of which have now been linked with the disorder. Some of these polymorphisms have been linked very tentatively however, as the role that they play or the degree to which they influence the disease is unknown. Other genes that are commonly thought to be associated with lupus are those in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) family. There have been several cases where a single gene influence appears to be present, but this is rare. When a single gene deficiency does cause lupus, it is usually attributed to the complement protein genes C1, C2, or C4. The influence of sex chromosomes and environmental factors are also noteworthy. Usually, these factors contribute to lupus by influencing the immune system. [4] Several studies also indicate a potential association of lupus with mutations in DNA repair genes [5] Age difference [ edit] Lupus can develop in any age, but most commonly in ages 15 to 44, with varying results. Typically, the manifestation of the disease tends to be more acute in those affected who are of younger age. Women are more likely to get it than men. Patients with juvenile-onset lupus are more vulnerable to mucocutaneous manifestations of the disease (alopecia, skin rash, and ulceration of the mucus membranes) than any other age group. However, patients with late-onset lupus have a much higher mortality rate. Nearly 50% of those with late-onset lupus die of their affliction. Women who are of childbearing age are also particularly at risk. [6] Differences in ethnicity [ edit] Substantial data have been found to indicate that certain ethnic populations could be more at risk for lupus erythematosus, and have a better or worse prognosis. Asian, African, and Native Americans are more likely to get lupus than Caucasians. Caucasians seem to generally have a more mild manifestation of the disease. Their survival rates after five years were typically around 94–96%, while patients of African and some Asian ethnicities had survival rates closer to 79–92%. The only documented ethnicity that had a higher survival rate than Caucasians were Koreans, who had survival rates nearer to 98%. Among Caucasians, the most common causes of death were complications involving the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system and malignancies. [7] [8] Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is more prevalent in African Americans with lupus than in Caucasians with lupus. [9] Diagnosis [ edit] For the diagnosis of lupus, four out of 11 signs must be present. [10] Testing may include: Antinuclear antibody (ANA) CBC with differential Chest X-ray Serum creatinine Urinalysis [10] Classification [ edit] Lupus erythematosus may manifest as systemic disease or in a purely cutaneous form also known as incomplete lupus erythematosus. Lupus has four main types: systemic discoid drug-induced neonatal Of these, systemic lupus erythematosus (also known as SLE) is the most common and serious form. A more thorough categorization of lupus includes the following types: [11] [12] acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus discoid lupus erythematosus (chronic cutaneous childhood discoid lupus erythematosus generalized discoid lupus erythematosus localized discoid lupus erythematosus chilblain lupus erythematosus (Hutchinson) lupus erythematosus-lichen planus overlap syndrome lupus erythematosus panniculitis (lupus erythematosus profundus) tumid lupus erythematosus verrucous lupus erythematosus ( hypertrophic lupus erythematosus) cutaneous lupus mucinosis complement deficiency syndromes drug-induced lupus erythematosus neonatal lupus erythematosus systemic lupus erythematosus Treatment [ edit] Treatment consists primarily of immunosuppressive drugs (e. g., hydroxychloroquine and corticosteroids). A second-line drug is methotrexate in its low-dose schedule. [13] In 2011, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first new drug for lupus in more than 50 years to be used in the US, belimumab. [14] In addition to medical therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy has also been demonstrated to be effective in reducing stress, anxiety, and depression due to the psychological and social impacts that lupus may have. [15] People with SLE treated with standard care experience a higher risk of opportunistic infections and death than the general population. This risk is higher in men and in African Americans. [16] Epidemiology [ edit] Worldwide [ edit] an estimated 5 million people worldwide have some form of lupus disease. [17] 70% of lupus cases diagnosed are systemic lupus erythematosus. [17] 20% of people with lupus will have a parent or sibling who already has lupus or may develop lupus. [17] about 5% of the children born to individuals with lupus will develop the illness. [17] United Kingdom [ edit] Females in the UK are seven times more likely to have the disease than males. [18] The estimated number of females in the UK with SLE is 21, 700, and the number of males is 3000—a total of 24, 700, or 0. 041% of the population. [18] SLE is more common amongst certain ethnic groups than others, especially those of African origin. [18] United States [ edit] Lupus occurs from infancy to old age, with peak occurrence between ages 15 and 40. [14] Lupus affects females in the US 6 to 10 times more often than males. [14] Prevalence data are limited. Estimates vary and range from 1. 8 to 7. 6 cases per 100, 000 persons per year in parts of the continental United States. [14] In popular culture [ edit] In the early seasons of the TV show House, members of the eponymous character's medical team often suggested lupus as a diagnosis for their patients, only to be rebuked. The rarity of legitimate lupus diagnoses in the show eventually became a running gag. See also [ edit] List of cutaneous conditions List of target antigens in pemphigoid List of immunofluorescence findings for autoimmune bullous conditions List of human leukocyte antigen alleles associated with cutaneous conditions References [ edit] ^ Fitzpatrick, Thomas B. ; Klauss Wolff; Wolff, Klaus Dieter; Johnson, Richard R. ; Suurmond, Dick; Richard Suurmond (2005). Fitzpatrick's color atlas and synopsis of clinical dermatology. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical Pub. Division. ISBN 978-0-07-144019-6. [ page needed] ^ "Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus, SLE)". PubMed Health. National Library of Medicine. ^ Scheinfeld, Noah; Deleo, Vincent A (2004). "Photosensitivity in lupus erythematosus". Photodermatology, Photoimmunology and Photomedicine. 20 (5): 272–9. doi: 10. 1111/j. 1600-0781. 2004. 00094. x. PMID 15379880. ^ Kiriakidou, Marianthi; Cotton, D; Taichman, D; Williams, S (2013). "Systemic Lupus Erythematosus". Annals of Internal Medicine. 159 (7): ITC4–1. CiteSeerX 10. 1. 1008. 5428. 7326/0003-4819-159-7-201310010-01004. PMID 24081299. ^ Meas R, Burak MJ, Sweasy JB (August 2017). "DNA repair and systemic lupus erythematosus". DNA Repair (Amst. ). 56: 174–182. 1016/. PMC 5543809. PMID 28623091. ^ Feng, X. ; Zou, Y. ; Pan, W. ; Wang, X. ; Wu, M. ; Zhang, M. ; Tao, J. ; Zhang, Y. ; Tan, K. ; Li, J. ; Chen, Z. ; Ding, X. ; Qian, X. ; Da, Z. ; Wang, M. ; Sun, L. (2013). "Associations of clinical features and prognosis with age at disease onset in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus". Lupus. 23 (3): 327–34. 1177/0961203313513508. PMID 24297642. ^ Voss, A. ; Laustrup, H. ; Hjelmborg, J. ; Junker, P. "Survival in systemic lupus erythematosus, 1995–2010. A prospective study in a Danish community". 22 (11): 1185–91. 1177/0961203313498796. PMID 23873432. ^ "Lupus Facts, Symptoms, Rash, Effects, Complications, and More. " WebMD, n. d. Web. 6 October 2014.. ^ Alenghat, Francis J (2016). "The Prevalence of Atherosclerosis in Those with Inflammatory Connective Tissue Disease by Race, Age, and Traditional Risk Factors". Scientific Reports. 6: 20303. Bibcode: 2016NatSR... 620303A. 1038/srep20303. PMC 4740809. PMID 26842423. ^ a b "Systemic lupus erythematosus: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". Medline Plus. US National Library of Medicine. ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Disease of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed. Saunders. Chapter 8. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. [ page needed] ^ Rapini, Ronald P. ; Bolognia, Jean L. ; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. ISBN 978-1-4160-2999-1. [ page needed] ^ Böhm I (2004). "Increased peripheral blood B-cells expressing the CD5 molecules in association tp autoantibodies in patients with lupus erythematosus and evidence to selectively down-modulate them". Biomed Pharmacother. 58 (5): 338–43. PMID 15194170. ^ a b c d "Lupus - Arthritis". CDC. 2018-10-18. ^ Greco, Carol M; Rudy, Thomas E; Manzi, Susan (2004). "Effects of a stress-reduction program on psychological function, pain, and physical function of systemic lupus erythematosus patients: A randomized controlled trial". Arthritis Care & Research. 51 (4): 625–34. 1002/art. 20533. PMID 15334437. ^ Dospinescu, Paula; Shamliyan, Tatyana A. (2017-07-01). "Additional Improvements in Clinical Response From Adjuvant Biologic Response Modifiers in Adults With Moderate to Severe Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Despite Immunosuppressive Agents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". Clinical Therapeutics. 39 (7): 1479–1506. e45. 1016/inthera. 2017. 05. 359. ISSN 0149-2918. PMID 28673504. ^ a b c d "Media Relations". Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2013. ^ a b c "Lupus". Arthritis Research UK. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2013. External links [ edit] Classification D ICD - 10: L93 ( ILDS L93. 010) ICD - 9-CM: 695. 4.


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Clemency movie 2019. Overview Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems — including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs. Lupus can be difficult to diagnose because its signs and symptoms often mimic those of other ailments. The most distinctive sign of lupus — a facial rash that resembles the wings of a butterfly unfolding across both cheeks — occurs in many but not all cases of lupus. Some people are born with a tendency toward developing lupus, which may be triggered by infections, certain drugs or even sunlight. While there's no cure for lupus, treatments can help control symptoms. Symptoms No two cases of lupus are exactly alike. Signs and symptoms may come on suddenly or develop slowly, may be mild or severe, and may be temporary or permanent. Most people with lupus have mild disease characterized by episodes — called flares — when signs and symptoms get worse for a while, then improve or even disappear completely for a time. The signs and symptoms of lupus that you experience will depend on which body systems are affected by the disease. The most common signs and symptoms include: Fatigue Fever Joint pain, stiffness and swelling Butterfly-shaped rash on the face that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose or rashes elsewhere on the body Skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure (photosensitivity) Fingers and toes that turn white or blue when exposed to cold or during stressful periods (Raynaud's phenomenon) Shortness of breath Chest pain Dry eyes Headaches, confusion and memory loss When to see a doctor See your doctor if you develop an unexplained rash, ongoing fever, persistent aching or fatigue. Causes Lupus occurs when your immune system attacks healthy tissue in your body (autoimmune disease). It's likely that lupus results from a combination of your genetics and your environment. It appears that people with an inherited predisposition for lupus may develop the disease when they come into contact with something in the environment that can trigger lupus. The cause of lupus in most cases, however, is unknown. Some potential triggers include: Sunlight. Exposure to the sun may bring on lupus skin lesions or trigger an internal response in susceptible people. Infections. Having an infection can initiate lupus or cause a relapse in some people. Medications. Lupus can be triggered by certain types of blood pressure medications, anti-seizure medications and antibiotics. People who have drug-induced lupus usually get better when they stop taking the medication. Rarely, symptoms may persist even after the drug is stopped. Risk factors Factors that may increase your risk of lupus include: Your sex. Lupus is more common in women. Age. Although lupus affects people of all ages, it's most often diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 45. Race. Lupus is more common in African-Americans, Hispanics and Asian-Americans. Complications Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many areas of your body, including your: Kidneys. Lupus can cause serious kidney damage, and kidney failure is one of the leading causes of death among people with lupus. Brain and central nervous system. If your brain is affected by lupus, you may experience headaches, dizziness, behavior changes, vision problems, and even strokes or seizures. Many people with lupus experience memory problems and may have difficulty expressing their thoughts. Blood and blood vessels. Lupus may lead to blood problems, including anemia and increased risk of bleeding or blood clotting. It can also cause inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis). Lungs. Having lupus increases your chances of developing an inflammation of the chest cavity lining (pleurisy), which can make breathing painful. Bleeding into lungs and pneumonia also are possible. Heart. Lupus can cause inflammation of your heart muscle, your arteries or heart membrane (pericarditis). The risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks increases greatly as well. Other types of complications Having lupus also increases your risk of: Infection. People with lupus are more vulnerable to infection because both the disease and its treatments can weaken the immune system. Cancer. Having lupus appears to increase your risk of cancer; however the risk is small. Bone tissue death (avascular necrosis). This occurs when the blood supply to a bone diminishes, often leading to tiny breaks in the bone and eventually to the bone's collapse. Pregnancy complications. Women with lupus have an increased risk of miscarriage. Lupus increases the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy (preeclampsia) and preterm birth. To reduce the risk of these complications, doctors often recommend delaying pregnancy until your disease has been under control for at least six months. The Mayo Clinic experience and patient stories Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care like they've never experienced. See the stories of satisfied Mayo Clinic patients. Oct. 25, 2017 Ferri FF. Systemic lupus erythematosus. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2018. Philadelphia, Pa. : Elsevier; 2018.. Accessed Sept. 2, 2017. Handout on health: Systemic lupus erythematosus. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.. 7, 2017. Goldman L, et al., eds. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. : Saunders Elsevier; 2016.. 2, 2017. Gladman DD. Overview of the clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus in adults.. 2, 2017. Wallace DJ. Overview of the management and prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosus in adults.. 2, 2017. Chowdhary VR. Broad concepts in management of systemic lupus erythematosus. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2017;92:744. Greco CM, et al. Updated review of complementary and alternative medicine treatments for systemic lupus erythematosus. Current Rheumatology Report. 2013;15:378.

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Info: Hawthorne College is quieting down for the holidays. One by one, sorority girls on campus are being killed by an unknown stalker. But the killer is about to discover that this generation's young women aren't willing to become hapless victims as they mount a fight to the finish; Country: New Zealand; Star: Imogen Poots, Lily Donoghue; ; Sophia Takal, April Wolfe; Runtime: 92M. Black christmas day. Black christmas 2006 full movie online. Black christmas song.

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Black christmas 2019 review. Im gonna miss jack black playing a teenage girl. Ill never forget the scene where she pees for the first time and calls it handle. Black christmas trailer music. Black christmas wiki. Black christmas reviews. Boa tarde. Black christmas movies. Love the Onision reference haha. Hollywood has been churning out Christmas movies since its inception, but for every classic holiday film comes an avalanche of sentimental garbage and lazy spin-offs. Thankfully, there are quite a few holiday gems you can stream this December with subscriptions to a plethora of services: Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, HBO and FilmStruck. (We are also very sensitive to the fact that not everyone takes part in Christmas, nor that there is such a thing as a “war” on the holiday. But, as you can tell from the variety of what’s actually available, quality holiday programming is pretty nonexistent, let alone for celebrations outside of the most white-bred. ) Also, this list doesn’t count those titles available to rent (primarily through Amazon)— Elf, Home Alone, Scrooged, Die Hard (yes, it’s a Christmas movie…if you are bothered by this distinction, find something better to do with your time), Christmas Vacation, Love Actually, etc. —though we did notice some obvious titles unavailable to rent (but available to buy, of course), like It’s a Wonderful Life or How the Grinch Stole Christmas. Regardless, here are our picks for 10 Christmas movies available on Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime, HBO and FilmStruck: 10. A Very Murray Christmas Year: 2015 Director: Sofia Coppola Available On: Netflix Bill Murray tries his best to put on a Christmas spectacular despite a winter storm that’s keeping stars like George Clooney away. Directed by Sofia Coppola with an all-star cast—Clooney, plus Chris Rock, Amy Poehler, Michael Cera, Rashida Jones and Jason Schwartzman—the film is delightfully strange. — Josh Jackson 9. Krampus Year: 2015 Director: Michael Dougherty Available On: HBO GO and HBO NOW Krampus begins on a fantastically sour note. Bing Crosby’s “It’s Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas” plays during the film’s opening credits sequence as consumers pummel one another all in the name of a good Christmas bargain. Women get punched in the face, children scream and store employees stare on in slack-jawed apathy. It’s clear from these opening moments that director Michael Dougherty has his tongue planted firmly in cheek. Krampus is a horror film, filled with horrific imagery (it’s one of the harshest PG-13 films in recent memory), but it also has a solid sense of humor, albeit a nasty one. In fact, Krampus owes a lot to Joe Dante’s Gremlins: Both films inject the holiday with zany violence, and Krampus, in the spirit of Gremlins, makes heavy use of practical effects over CGI. The actors (Adam Scott, Toni Collette, Allison Tolman, David Koechner) fight with actual, physical creations, and as a result the terror seems more realistic and brutal. Dougherty, after all, is no stranger to holiday-themed horror comedies—he also directed the superb Halloween horror anthology Trick ‘r Treat —which means we’ve maybe got a new anti-Christmas classic on our bloody hands. —Andy Herren 8. Happy Christmas Year: 2014 Director: Joe Swanberg Available On: Hulu Happy Christmas generates such warmth that you might not mind that one of its principal characters doesn’t always make a lot of sense. Writer-director Joe Swanberg’s latest is agreeably loose-limbed, touching on family and the crucial differences between people in their 20s and their 30s. And although it lacks a great thematic hook like Swanberg’s recent Drinking Buddies, Happy Christmas still boasts plenty of modest pleasures thanks to its gentle observations and likable manner. — Tim Grierson 7. White Christmas Year: 1954 Director: Michael Curtiz Available On: Netflix For generations, this movie has held a kind of Yuletide nostalgia rivaled maybe only by It’s a Wonderful Life. Similarly, the Bing Crosby musical revels in warm feelings of the past: The war is over and former commanding officer Gen. Waverly (Dean Jagger), a “four-star general unemployed, ” can’t make a living running a ski lodge, because even snow doesn’t fall the way it used to. Whether that’s a good feeling or not hardly matters when, in the end, doors open to reveal a world of swirling snowflakes, and all the soldiers who see salute, and us southerners leave the film yearning for a snow-laden Christmas. — Mary Kate Varnau 6. Bad Santa Year: 2003 Director: Terry Zwigoff Available On: Netflix Billy Bob Thornton is sublimely degenerate, as only he can be, but the film’s ending has one of the most redemptive turns this side of It’s A Wonderful Life. A true masterpiece of a dark comedy, in Bad Santa we see the titular Anti-St. Nick pee himself, get wasted, swear at kids, disrespect authority and plan on robbing the very mall in which he (barely) works. That the aforementioned Bad Santa is not just a vulgar caricature is testament to Thornton’s these-are-the-facts deadpan, countered by two brilliant supporting performances from the late greats John Ritter and Bernie Ma, as well as Thornton’s genuinely touching rapport with innocent cherub Thurman Murman (Brett Kelly). — Greg Smith 5. Black Narcissus Year: 1947 Directors: Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger Available On: FilmStruck A melodrama set in a convent in British-ruled Himalayan India, directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger and starring Deborah Kerr and David Farrar, Black Narcissus provides a recipe for…strangeness. And it’s a beautiful kind of strangeness. Five nuns are sent to establish a convent, school and hospital in a former harem. It’s difficult to adapt to the new surroundings, and the agent who’s on call to help them do it is, well, he’s a bit of a temptation. There are tragic consequences, naturally. The story’s compelling enough, but what really blows me away about this film is the otherworldly visual sensibility. Powell’s camerawork is mesmerizing and the film is steeped in supersaturated color, underlining the exoticism and confusion faced by the nuns—moods tinged with the sadness and nostalgia of the holidays—sending the viewer to another time, or dimension, altogether. —Amy Glynn 4. Tangerine Year: 2015 Director: Sean Baker Available On: Netflix Shot entirely with an iPhone, Sean Baker’s Tangerine is a near perfect execution of raw realism juxtaposed against fleeting yet profound moments of vulnerability and tenderness. Writer-director Baker wastes no time flinging viewers into his story’s cacophonous premise: a delirious misadventure focusing on the fractured but luminous lives of transgender prostitutes Sin-Dee Rella (Kitana Kiki Rodriguez) and Alexandra (Mya Taylor). Such immediacy helps set up the fast-paced, heartfelt journey that follows. When Sin-Dee and Alexandra reunite following the former’s release from her month-long prison sentence, we learn that Sin-Dee’s boyfriend and pimp Chester (James Ransone) has been seeing another woman. The news ignites a nearly two-hour chase around the streets of L. A. (on Christmas Eve, no less) to locate and handle the “issue. ” Within the story’s backdrop of the wild and dingy Los Angeles cityscape, Tangerine ’s rule-defying characters thrive. Though it could easily devolve into an exploitative revenge porn drama, Tangerine shirks its expectations, becoming an aggressive examination of human complexity and a bold refusal to judge a book by its cover. That goes not only for its approach to characterization, but just about every narrative aspect of the work—from the way Baker develops his larger plot to how he sequences his shots, carefully upholding its characters’ sharply divisive existence. The deeper we go into the world of these two sex workers, the more we forget our assumptions of those who inhabit it. In the end, Tangerine is about discovering that our roughest edges can be both our most colorful and meaningful. —Abbey White 3. Gremlins Year: 1984 Director: Joe Dante Available On: Netflix In the same vein as Die Hard, Joe Dante’s Gremlins is a yearly Christmastime argument waiting to happen: Both are annually tossed onto “best Christmas movie” lists, but when it comes to the latter, at least, those debates often overlook the dark comedy of an expertly crafted ‘80s horror film from Dante at the height of his powers. Taking the lessons he learned as a ‘70s Roger Corman protege, Dante borrows character actors like Dick Miller to create a cynical, biting rebuke of maudlin sentimentality and children’s entertainment. The film’s surprising counterpoint between comedy and graphic violence was a source of consternation that led directly to it being in the early class of genre films that led to the PG-13 rating, but its more important impact was shaping the aesthetic of nearly every horror comedy to come. — Jim Vorel 2. A Christmas Tale Director: Arnaud Desplechin Available On: Hulu A Christmas Tale is a lively, capricious, mischievous ensemble delight—the kind of movie Noah Baumbach would make if he were French and a little more hopeful about humanity. Abel (Jean-Paul Roussillon) and Junon (Catherine Deneuve) have three grown children, two of whom have long been estranged. Now, as Junon needs a dangerous transfusion to survive cancer, everyone convenes in the family home to celebrate Christmas together. Though the film deals with many exceptionally depressing topics (mental illness, hatred, life-threatening disease, lost love, betrayal) director Arnaud Desplechin never veers into maudlin territory. Instead, with a lightly stylized touch, A Christmas Tale avoids taking itself or its characters’ foibles too seriously. Family members might hate each other, but something like love is underneath it all. On top of his story about a hilariously contentious family reunion, Desplechin has heaped cinema itself, spinning up a maelstrom of irises and dissolves, Vertigos and Tenenbaums, Minguses and Herrmanns, to end up with something that feels almost, maybe, strangely, ever so slightly touching. — Alissa Wilkinson 1. The Nightmare Before Christmas Year: 1993 Director: Henry Selick Available On: Netflix On simply a shot-by-shot basis, The Nightmare Before Christmas ranks as one of the most visually splendid films ever made. Jack Skellington, the Pumpkin King of Halloweentown, becomes obsessed with Christmas and decides to hijack the holiday. Often presented under the title Tim Burton’s The Nightmare Before Christmas, the film echoes many of the hit director’s pet themes, with Jack being one of Burton’s many brooding artistic protagonists. The film’s actual director was Henry Selick, who oversees an ingenious design and a cast of endearing monsters. The film doesn’t quite have the narrative fuel and graceful song lyrics to match Disney’s best animated musicals, but every year the film looks better and better. — Curt Holman.

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The plot was utterly ridiculous. I only wish It was possible to get a refund. Black christmas trailer 2019 horror. Wow, kristen improved a lot... im not seeing that Bella twilight girl anymore in her acting. Black christmas showtimes. Black christmas imdb. Black christmas images. Black christmas 2006. If you're anything like us, you're trying to watch as many Christmas films as possible over the holiday season. There are tonnes to choose from after all, including cult classics and, of course, the occasional oddball holiday flick that you secretly enjoy. But instead of trudging through the snow to a video store (if those even exist anymore) to get physical copies, you should just step into the 21st century and stream them. From Disney+ to Netflix, the movie-streaming services available are aplenty. Pixar Theory: The best Pixar movie order All you have to do is browse the list below, pick a movie, then pick a streaming service to watch it from. We've included links to all of them for US sites. Some we've chosen cost a tiny bit of money, while others are free. Happy Christmas! Disney Frozen (2013) Watch it now: Disney+, Amazon, Vudu The Kingdom of Arendelle is engulfed in a never-ending winter when Princess Elsa flees after her magical winter powers are revealed to the people, leaving her sister Anna as the only person left to track her down. Netflix The Christmas Chronicles (2018) Watch it now: Netflix Two siblings prepare a trap so that they're able to see Santa when he comes down the chimney, but when they sneak into his sleigh, they cause an accident that makes his sleigh to breakdown. The two kids, Santa, and his elves will have to work together if they want to save Christmas. Universal Grinch (2018) Watch it now: Netflix, Amazon Some Christmas stories are always fun to see again. This time Benedict Cumberbatch voices the big, mean Grinch is this retelling of the Dr. Seuss classic, that sees the green guy's heart grow three sizes. Netflix Klaus (2019) Watch it now: Netflix A young postman is sent to establish a post office in a remote town in the far north, where he meets an old toymaker by the name of Klaus. The postman begins delivering children's letters to Klaus, and together, they begin delivering toys down the chimneys of the local townspeople. Disney Noelle (2019) Watch it now: Disney+ Santa's daughter Noelle has to go find her brother, Nick, who's fled to Arizona rather than assume the duty of Santa Claus. Once she finds her brother, she realizes he has no interest in returning to the North Pole. Noelle has to find someone to be Santa to save Christmas. Netflix Christmas Inheritance (2017) Watch it now: Netflix A woman, who is known as the "party heiress", makes a deal with her father after her latest public gaffe. She'll get control over her father's toy company if she spends the holidays in the small town where the company began with only $100 to her name. Bad Santa Bad Santa (2003) Watch it now: YouTube, iTunes, Google Play, Amazon A drunken conman and his partner pose as Santa and his elf helper to rob a department store on Christmas Eve, but while casing the store, the conman forms an unlikely friendship with an awkward young boy. It’s A Wonderful Life It's A Wonderful Life (1946) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu George Bailey spends his life thinking of others, helping ensure all those around them achieve their dreams at the expense of his own. When money is misplaced that could lead to George being arrested, his guardian angel, Clarence, shows him what the world would have been like if he had never existed. The Muppet Christmas Carol The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu, Disney+ The Muppets tell their own laugh-filled version of Ebenezer Scrooge's redemption. There's also a ton of great musical numbers throughout the movie. If that's not enough, then there's also Micheal Caine as a very serious Scrooge complaining about his muppet tenants not paying rent. Elf Elf (2003) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Santa mistakenly brings a baby back to the North Pole, where he's raised as a Buddy the Elf. Once his size and lack of toy-building talent becomes an issue, he travels to New York to meet his father, who's got a regular place on the naughty list. How the Grinch Stole Christmas How The Grinch Stole Christmas (2000) Watch it now: Netflix, Amazon, Google Play, Vudu A green miser tries to ruin Christmas for all the Whos in Whoville until he learns what Christmas is really about. This rendition of the Dr Seuss classic is the only live-action version and features Jim Carrey as the Grinch. One Magic Christmas One Magic Christmas (1985) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu With her husband's current unemployment and Christmas on the way, Ginny is having trouble feeling much excitement about the holidays. Her two kids, with the help of an angel named Gideon show her that Christmas isn't just about presents, but about the people you love. Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer (1964) Watch it now: Vudu, Amazon Rudolph is born with a red nose, which forces other reindeer to treat him like an outcast until he leaves the North Pole, but just when he leaves, a storm moves in, and Santa could use someone with a bright red nose to guide him through it. The Little Drummer Boy The Little Drummer Boy (1968) Watch it now: Vudu One of the cartoon classics that have become Christmas staples, The Little Drummer Boy follows an orphaned little boy who has his life changed forever when he meets three wise men on their way to Bethlehem. Santa Claus Is Comin' To Town Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town (1970) Watch it now: Vudu Have you ever wondered where most of your favorite Christmas traditions come from? Well, Santa Claus is Comin' to Town has all the answers of how Kris Kringle became Santa Claus, married Mrs. Claus, and the rest of his origin story. Rudolph's Shiny New Year Rudolph's Shiny New Year (1976) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Everyone's favorite red-nosed reindeer goes on a quest to find the Baby New Year before midnight on New Year's Eve. This one might be best saved for a New Year's rewatch with the kids. Frosty the Snowman Frosty The Snowman (1969) Watch it now: Amazon, Vudu A group of children find a magician's hat and put on their snowman and brings it to life. After a quick jaunt through town, the magician comes looking for his hat and the children will have to stop him if they want to keep their new frozen friend alive. Dr. Seuss How the Grinch Stole Christmas Dr Seuss How The Grinch Stole Christmas (1966) Watch it now: Amazon, YouTube, Google Play The original cartoon classic aired as a television special in 1966 with the Grinch voiced by Boris Karloff as he attempts and fails to ruin Christmas for all the Whos in Whoville. A Charlie Brown Christmas A Charlie Brown Christmas (1965) Watch it now: Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Charlie Brown is having a hard time finding the Christmas spirit. As he sees his friends obsess over the commercial part, from Snoopy competing in the neighborhood light show to Sally's incredible Christmas list, Charlie Brown becomes more obsessed with finding something closer to the true meaning of Christmas. A Christmas Story A Christmas Story (1983) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Whether you relate more with Ralphie wanting his official Red Ryder carbon action 200 shot range model air rifle for Christmas or his old man yelling obscenities at the furnace in the basement, A Christmas Story is required viewing every December. Eight Crazy Nights Eight Crazy Nights (2002) Watch it now: iTunes, Google Play, Amazon, YouTube Adam Sandler's ode to the holiday season filled with catchy songs and fart jokes. It follows Davey Stone as he's sentenced to complete a referee training program with the 70-year-old Whitey Duvall or receive a 10-year prison sentence. Krampus Krampus (2015) Watch it now: iTunes, Google Play, Amazon, Apple A dysfunctional family causes a young boy to write a letter to Santa wishing for his family to find their Christmas spirit again. Unfortunately, he destroys it after his cousins mockingly read it aloud to the family, so Krampus -- not Santa -- will answer his wish. A Very Murray Christmas A Very Murray Christmas (2015) Watch it now: Netflix Bill Murray hosts a star-studded holiday special during a snowstorm in New York City that includes George Clooney, Amy Poehler, Miley Cyrus, Paul Shaffer, Chris Rock, and many more. Love Actually Love Actually (2003) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu From the newly elected Prime Minister falling in love with an aide to a past his prime rocker trying to land one last chart-topper with a Christmas tune, this film shows how the holiday unfolds for eight different couples in the hectic month before Christmas in vastly different ways. I'll Be Home for Christmas I'll Be Home For Christmas (1998) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu, Disney+ Jake is promised his father's classic Porsche if he'll come home for Christmas; the only problem is that he's been dumped in the desert with a Santa hat and beard glued to his head with hardly anytime left to get home. Trading Places Trading Places (1983) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu The two rich Duke brothers orchestrate a plan so that uptight, rich guy Winthrope switches places with the poor hustler, Billy Ray Valentine, to gamble on how the two will respond. Eventually, the two realize the plan and work together to turn the tables on the Dukes. Happy Christmas Happy Christmas (2014) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu After a Break-up, Jenny moves in with her older brother, Jeff, and his wife and two-year-old just ahead of Christmas. While the relationship has its struggles, Jenny and Jeff's wife, Kelly, help each other realize important truths about themselves and what they need to be happy. Ernest Saves Christmas Ernest Saves Christmas (1988) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu The lovable goofball Ernest picks up Santa as a fare in his taxi and draws himself into an adventure, where he has to return Santa's sack of toys and then help find him a successor before Christmas is ruined. Serendipity Serendipity (2000) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu John and Sara meet during the Christmas season in New York City, and because of Sara's superstitions, they write their contact info on a book and a five-dollar bill. The only way they'll be able to continue their budding romance is if they can find each other's contact info. Reindeer Games Reindeer Games (2000) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Ben Affleck plays a man, named Rudy, who assumes his dead cellmate Nick's identity to get a girl when he's released from prison. The only problem is that girl's got a brother who's going to kidnap him and force him to help rob a casino that his dead cellmate worked at. The Family Stone The Family Stone (2005) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu An uptight woman heads home with her boyfriend to meet his family for the holidays. Unfortunately, the woman and the family don't exactly hit it off, leading to plenty of awkward moments before the family can find happiness on this Christmas. Grumpy Cat's Worst Christmas Ever Grumpy Cat's Worst Christmas Ever (2014) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, iTunes, Vudu Will Grumpy Cat have the worst Christmas ever or can she find some happiness along with the true meaning of Christmas? The important thing is that we get to watch a grumpy looking cat in a Santa hat deal with a bunch of happy people. Christmas with the Kranks Christmas With The Kranks (2004) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu, Netflix On their first Christmas without their daughter in the house. the Kranks are planning on skipping Christmas entirely. Unfortunately, their neighbors aren't going to let them. But when their daughter has a last-minute change of plans and decides to come home, the entire community rallies to show her the holiday spirit never left. A Christmas Carol A Christmas Carol (2009) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu An animated retelling of the Dickens' classic with Jim Carrey voicing the Scrooge. Watch as the Ghost of Christmas' Past, Present, and Future take old Ebenezer on a whirlwind trip through time to show him the error of his ways. Die Hard Die Hard (1988) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu John McClaine arrives in Los Angeles on Christmas Eve to see his estranged wife. Just as he arrives at Nakatomi Plaza the terrorist Hans Gruber takes over the tower in his attempt to steal millions in bearer bonds. Yippee-Ki-Yay. Christmas in Connecticut Christmas In Connecticut (1945) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Elizabeth is a food writer who's lied about every column she's ever written and now has to host a dinner for her boss and her biggest fan, a war hero returning from overseas. So it's either get a fake family or lose her job. Arthur Christmas Arthur Christmas (2011) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Arthur Christmas shows how an overly modernized process of delivering presents lead to a single present being misplaced. Santa's clumsy son, Arthur, is tasked by his grandfather to deliver the present the old fashioned way, with an old sleigh and the great-grandchildren of the original reindeers. Eyes Wide Shut Eyes Wide Shut (1999) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Eyes Wide Shut might be the only movie on here you can't watch with your kids. After his wife admits to almost cheating on him, a man goes on a dangerous night of self-discovery. It's not directly a Christmas movie, but it's set during the holidays and is a fun one for parents to watch. The Polar Express The Polar Express (2004) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu A young boy begins to lose his belief in Santa Claus until a magical train appears in front of his house on Christmas Eve. Boarding the train, the boy goes on a magical journey to the North Pole aboard the Polar Express with everyone's favorite holiday character, Tom Hanks. The Ref The Ref (1994) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu A couple who's been attending therapy and have grown to hate each other end up spending the holiday tied up by a burglar, played by Denis Leary, who ends up being a great therapist in his own right. Joyeux Noel Joyeux Noel (2005) Watch it now: Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu This foreign film tells the heartwarming story of the first Christmas to happen during World War I. Without any instructions or negotiations, soldiers on both sides put down their arms and celebrated together for one night. Four Christmases Four Christmases (2008) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu A couple who both have divorced parents have four family Christmases they don't want to attend. While their families push them to the brink of leaving one another, their relationship ends up coming away from the holiday even stronger. Jingle All the Way Jingle All The Way (1996) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Arnold promises his son a Turbo Man doll for Christmas -- the only problem is they're all sold out. He spends all of Christmas Eve fighting tooth and nail to get his hands on a Turbo Man, before donning the costume himself and fighting Sinbad during the big Christmas parade. George Balanchine's The Nutcracker George Balanchine's The Nutcracker (1993) The classic story of a young girl who dreams of her toys coming to life, and her nutcracker saving her from the Mouse King. Keep your eye out for a pre-Home Alone Macaulay Culkin. The Family Man The Family Man (2000) A selfish business man wakes up next to the love of his life he left decades ago and their three children he never had. While at first, he's miserable about the switch, he comes to see what he missed out on. The Bishop's Wife The Bishop's Wife (1947) A Bishop asks heaven for help in his mission to build a cathedral. The response comes in the form of an angel, played by Carey Grant, who's there to help not only with the Cathedral but save the Bishop's marriage as well. Jack Frost (1998) Micheal Keaton plays a musician who dies while trying to return home to his family at Christmas. The following year he returns as a snowman with one last chance to spend a Christmas with his son. Gremlins Gremlins (1984) Gizmo may seem like an adorable and perfect present right up until the moment his slimy brethren get their hands on you. You might want to plug your kid's ears when you get to the story about Santa's dead body being stuck in a chimney for two weeks. The Nightmare Before Christmas The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) Jack, king of Halloweentown, discovers the magic of Christmas and immediately becomes infatuated with the holiday. Unfortunately, the rest of the folks in Halloweentown has no idea what Jack sees in the new holiday. Rare Exports: A Christmas Tale Rare Exports: A Christmas Tale (2010) After blowing a hole in a mountain in Finland, a group of men realizes they've released something horrible and deadly: Santa Claus. From there it's a race against time to try to reseal the horrible monster. Black Christmas Black Christmas (1974) One of the original slasher horror films of the 70s doubles a great late-night scare Christmas movie. Watch as a psycho wreaks havoc on a group of young sorority sisters on Christmas Eve. The Shop Around The Corner The Shop Around The Corner (1940) Two coworkers who can't stand one another begin to fall in love when they become anonymous pen pals. If that sounds vaguely familiar, it's because You've Got Mail is based on this film. Holiday Inn Holiday Inn (1942) If you're a big fan of classic Christmas songs, then this is a movie you'll have to watch. Bing Crosby and Fred Astaire try to impress a beautiful girl at a hotel that is only open during the holiday. White Christmas White Christmas (1954) Watch it now: YouTube, Netflix, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes Two former soldiers turned crooners team up with a pair of singing sisters and head to Vermont for a white Christmas but find it hasn't snowed at all there. The crew then get to work to help their old commanding officer save his Bed and Breakfast business with a special performance. Miracle on 34th Street Miracle On 34th Street (1947) An old man who goes by Kris Kringle fills in for a drunk Santa in the Macy's parade before becoming a hit in department stores during the holiday season. Eventually, he has to go on trial to determine his mental fitness, as he believes he is Santa. Miracle on 34th Street Miracle On 34th Street (1994) A remake of the classic about a man who believes he is Santa and is forced to go through a trial to prove it after he's falsely accused of assaulting another department store Santa. Married with Children: It's a Bundyful life Married With Children: It's a Bundyful Life (1989) Watch it now: iTunes, Vudu, Amazon Did you ever wonder what it would've been like if George Bailey actively made everyone's life worse? Find out in this classic episode of Married With Children, where Al Bundy finds out what life would've been like for his family and friends without him. Scrooged Scrooged (1988) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu Bill Murray plays a TV exec who's visited by Dickens' three Christmas ghosts while trying to put on a live performance of a Christmas Carol in this modern-day retelling of the Charles Dickens' classic. Scrooge Scrooge (1970) Watch it now: DailyMotion If you want a version of the classic version of A Christmas Carol -- with a few fantastic song and dance numbers added in -- then this 1970 version of Ebenezer Scrooge's redemption tale might be perfect for you. A Christmas Carol A Christmas Carol (1951) Watch it now: iTunes Only available on iTunes, this 1951 version of the Charles Dickens' classic is the oldest version ever to be put on film, which helps keep it true to the original source material. National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation (1989) All Clark Griswold wanted was to give his family the perfect Christmas; Instead, he temporarily loses his mind while his cousin Eddy kidnaps his boss. In the end, it all works out for Clark and the rest of the Griswold clan. Home Alone Home Alone (1990) Watch it now: YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, iTunes, Vudu, Disney+ Kevin is accidentally left at home alone. Meanwhile, his parents fly to Paris, just as the wet bandits are casing his house. Unfortunately for the Wet Bandits, Kevin is ready to defend his house. Home Alone 2: Lost in New York Home Alone 2: Lost In New York (1992) This time Kevin takes the wrong flight and ends up in the big apple for the holidays with all of his father's money and credit cards. But the recently released from prison Wet Bandits are there as well. The Santa Clause The Santa Clause (1994) When Santa Claus falls off his roof, a selfish divorced dad accidentally becomes Santa by putting on the red guy's jacket. There's going to have to be some changes if he's going to be any good at it though. The Santa Clause 2 The Santa Clause 2 (2002) After nine years of being Santa, Scott finds out about the Mrs Clause, which states that if he doesn't find a wife before the upcoming Christmas, he can no longer be Santa and Christmas will be canceled. Prancer Prancer (1989) Watch it now: Amazon, iTunes A young girl going through her first Christmas since her mother died meets a sick reindeer and is convinced she's found Santa's pal Prancer. Now she just has to convince her father and brother that she's right.

Thanks for saving me the ticket money! Not that I was going to watch this, but still...
Nah. Im sticking to the 1970s film instead of this woke nonsense.
Black christmas music.

Black christmas. Black christmas review. Black christmas songs. I'm on Winter Break and I forgot today was Friday, hell yeah. Black christmas 2006 trailer. しょうがねえなっておい!. Black christmas full movie. Black christmas trailer 2019. Black christmas decorations. The atmosphere and dread you feel when she's slowly going up the stairs is amazing to this day. When Billy gets the door slammed into him and begins screaming and you see his shadow run down the stairs with those frantic steps it's just. damn, they don't make them like this anymore. Black christmas stocking. Black christmas ornaments.

It's funny how people use to love this, but now they're crapping all over it.
I just realized that i really love them all.

Black christmas yesmovies. Website under maintenance, Please visit to view & download high quality video clips. Thank you. There aren't really a lot of good things to say about this movie. The only slightly decent thing the about film was the acting, and even that wasn't all that great at times. This film had A LOT of problems, the first being that it wasn't rated R. The films plot plays out like any typical R rated slasher movie, but for some reason they decided to tone down the violence a lot, making it even more boring than it already was. The pacing of the film is absolutely terrible, and the sorority girls spent over half of the film just screwing around before any of the action and "scares" actually start. Speaking of the scares, it was not scary at all. None of the jump scares work, and the film lacked anything creepy or disturbing. The film also aggressively pushes a feminist agenda, which I personally have nothing against. I just think that if that is the route that you are going to take in a film, you should make sure that the movie is actually good, otherwise you're not really doing yourself any favors. This is probably one of the worst movies that I have ever had to sit through, and it is a complete waste of time and money, don't watch it.

Black christmas 2019 online. Black christmas hsx.

Thanks Jeremy for warning me away from this preachy stinker of a movie

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Black christmas movies list. Black christmas bingo. “Fuller, go easy on the Whiskey!”. Black christmas gifts. Black christmas cast. Black christmas mafumafu. Black christmas rated. That sucks the trailer shouldn't reveal the killer because what's the point of figuring who the killer is people want to see the killer but not reveal it on trailers.

I'm serious, about Love Gems he's a Love Live! fan isn't he? XD

Black christmas 2019 m4u. Black christmas music playlist. The simplicity of this scene is what makes it so terrifying. He's not shown as some ugly menace that terrifies us. All we see is his eye. And that's still enough to chill us to the bone. (2019) Available Hollywood Movies Online »»». Black christmas trailer. Black christmas movie 2020. Black Christmas (2019) Movies Online ➥. I think Brad Jones sums this movie up the best : it's God's Not Dead for the left.

Black christmas 2019 cast. Black christmas trees. Black christmas csfd. Black christmas tree walmart. The mysterious Billy from the original is far creepier than the His mother hated him for being jaundiced, cheated on then murdered his father, locked him in the loft then later raped him and had a daughter by him Billy from the remake. One other actor can play Freddie but Robert Englund end of topic. Black christmas 123movies. Black christmas movie 2019.'Khagim%20Ve'Al%20Ha'Ma'vet

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Watch Here El traidor Watch Stream





Year: 2019 / 2 H 25 Minute / Marco Bellocchio / Pierfrancesco Favino / country: France / genres: Crime. Gracias por ser tan tenaz Anabel. Necesitamos mujeres valientes como tú.felicidades. Y PORQUE NO AGARRAN Y ENCARCELAN A CALDERON PREGUNTO? HASTA CUANDO SE HARA DE LA VISTA GORDA LA LEY. Esta mujer deberia darle cobertura a los feminicidios de Juarez, un caso al que nadie voltea a ver. Lo que Paso en Mexico tambien esta pasando Aqui en estados unidos nomas que nosotros Los mexicanos semos mas descarados. Thank God we have Nic now. 3. The traitor king wow.

The traitor cast. About El traidor. El diario secreto del hijo del Mayo / The Traitor. The secret diary of Mayo’s son El traidor es uno de los trabajos periodísticos más ambiciosos en la trayectoria de Anabel Hernández. Su historia se remonta a enero de 2011, cuando la contactó uno de los abogados de Vicente Zambada Niebla, mejor conocido como Vicentillo, quien enfrentaba un juicio en una corte de Chicago. La intención era compartir con la periodista documentos y hechos que ampliaban y esclarecían varios de los episodios que acababa de dar a conocer en Los señores del narco. Entre los documentos a los que tuvo acceso se encuentran el inquietante autorretrato como payaso que aparece en la portada y los diarios realizados por Vicentillo durante las negociaciones para colaborar con el gobierno norteamericano, los cuales hasta ahora eran secretos. En ellos el capo reconstruyó su historia y la historia de una de las organizaciones de tráfico de estupefacientes más grandes del planeta. A lo largo de estas páginas, la autora se adentra en el Cártel de Sinaloa a través del relato de Vicentillo, quien exhibe de manera descarnada cómo funciona el sistema interno que da vida a la organización criminal, la violencia, las mil formas de traficar droga y la complicidad entre políticos, empresarios y fuerzas del orden. Pero sobre todo devela el perfil de quien durante el último medio siglo ha sido el rey del narcotráfico. Quien nunca ha pisado la cárcel y quien desde su trono ha visto caer a amigos, enemigos, socios, competidores, familiares, empleados del gobierno y hasta sus propios hijos, sin que eso haga mella en su poder, el padre de Vicentillo: Ismael el Mayo Zambada. ENGLISH DESCRIPTION The Traitor is one of the most ambitious journalistic works of Anabel Hernández’s career. Her story dates back to January of 2011, when she’s contacted by one of Vicente Zambada Niebla’s lawyers, better known as Vicentillo, who was facing charges in a court in Chicago. The intention was to share with the reporter documents and facts that would broaden and clear up various episodes that had just come to light in Los señores del narco. Among the documents to which she had access is the disturbing self-portrait as a clown that appears on the cover and the diaries kept by Vicentillo during his negotiations to collaborate with the North American government, which until now were secret. In them, el capo reconstructed his story and the story of the one of the largest drug-trafficking organizations on the planet. In these pages, the author goes inside the Sinaloa Cartel through Vicentillo’s account, who grimly exhibits the internal workings that give life to the criminal organization, the violence, the thousands of way to traffic drugs, and the complicity among politicians, businessmen, and security forces. But, above all, he unveils the profile of the person who, during the last half century, has been the king of drug trafficking. Someone who has never stepped inside a prison cell, who from his thrown has seen his friends, enemies, partners, competitors, family members, government employees, and even his own children fall, without this ever making a dent in his power, the father of Vicentillo: Ismael el Mayo Zambada.

Just arrived from the movie theater. 5 star movie. Not the cliché Mafia type. And based on real facts? Amazing. Main role: excellent acting. Movie feels too documentaric and fragmented. Film should have been 20 min shorter, and it lacks the point beyond facts and dramatic history. The traitor god epub.


The traitor within. Average rating 4. 49 · 294 ratings 47 reviews | Start your review of El traidor: El diario secreto del hijo del Mayo Excelente investigación, por fin entiendo la maraña de suerte y corrupción que rodea a los cárteles de drogas en México Sexenio tras sexenio ha sido la misma historia. Corrupción a todos los niveles que impiden erradicar el gran problema del narcotráfico, auspiciado también por el vecino del norte que tampoco detiene el flujo del dinero y de las armas, o lo hace a su conveniencia. El nuevo gobierno no es la excepción. Anabel lo vuelve a hacer, escribe un libro crudo reflejando la realidad del narcotrafico en México, no es un libro donde vas a ver datos morbosos, donde se exalte a los narcos, es más bien un libro que de nueva cuenta rebela el nivel de corrupción al interior del gobierno, y revela la cara detrás del verdadero líder del cartel de Sinaloa, el Mayo Zambada, lectura interesante y respaldada con diversos documentos. El Traidor: El diario secreto del hijo del Mayo Anabel Hernández (Hernández, 2019) Spanish language El Traidor: El diario secreto del hijo del Mayo Anabel Hernández (Hernández, 2019) In 2010, Anabel Hernández published her first edition of Los Señores del Narco following five years of intensive research and investigation. Much of that research consisted of tracking down government documents. It became a controversial and groundbreaking book describing Mexican Cartels and the deep connection to the.. Es admirable el trabajo que realiza Anabel, después de leer este libro, cambia tu perspectiva de México para bien o para mal. Excelente reportaje que obliga a la acción. Como mencionó Anabel Hernández en su presentación del libro en la Biblioteca Vasconcelos "La intención ahora es tratar de llevarlos de la mano y ya no ir yo sola a la cloaca. Ya me cansé de ir yo sola a la cloaca. Y hoy decidí en este libro traerlos ahí como lectores y que puedan ver realmente lo que yo veo, lo que yo aprendí cuando estuve adentro todos estos años. Y que también se cansen y se asqueen como yo. Y que se escandalicen, espero. Y que se.. Anabel Hernández did it again. She is one of the biggest journalist in Mexico. I consider "Los señores del Narco" as the first part of this story of criminal organizations and "El Traidor" as the sequel. "El Traidor" is the story of Vicente Zambada, "Vicentillo", son of Ismael "Mayo" Zambada, the most powerful narco in Mexico. Anabel Hernandez tries to demystify "El Chapo" Guzman as the mastermind of all drug trafficking operations in Mexico with this book and describe what Mayo Zambada has.. Son confesiones que hace el hijo (Vicentillo) del verdadero líder del cartel de Sinaloa (Mayo Zambada) de como compra y vende cocaina, los clientes del Mayo, cómo pasan la droga a EU, las guerras y alianzas entre carteles en México, los grandes sobornos que el cartel daba a los funcionarios de más alto rango de las diferentes dependencias de gobierno de México llegando hasta los propios presidentes, los tratados que tenia su socio el Chapo con la DEA para combatir a los grupos contrarios en.. Excelente trabajo por parte de la periodista Anabel Hernández. El hecho de leer un trabajo como este, que te hablo de los nexos que tiene una organización criminal tan imponente, con el gobierno mexicano, no es por idolatrar la narco-cultura, sino para entender de una manera clara la forma en que está estructurada la red delictiva y cómo las autoridades están coludidas en menor y mayor escala. Realmente el gobierno siempre ha tenido el poder para contener o inhabilitar a los grupos criminales,.. Uno de los mejores libros que he leido para entender cómo funciona una organización criminal como es el Cartel de Sinaloa. Parece ciencia ficción la forma de operar de este cártel para traficar y para sobornar a cada uno de los niveles del gobierno de México. Vale mucho la pena leer el libro para darte una idea de que muchas de las cosas que pensamos que de verdad pasa son verdaderas, que es la corrupción de los funcionarios del gobierno y la expansión del narco en un país donde el dinero compra.. Read this book in less than 2 weeks; for me not being an avid reader is a record. The book is so factual and complementing, that there were times that I didnt want to stop reading it. On the other hand the veracity and raw data shared in these lines, just confirm the Drug phenomena, that has been in Mexico through out all these years. Anabel is amazing in how she embroids and fills out the story in such a way that, even those who are not aware of this problem, do understand this subject. Un libro muy crudo, mas no visceral. De no ser por el hecho de que lo que en él contiene es nuestra pútrida realidad, sería la ficción más irreal que haya leído jamás. Anabel Hernández disecciona los mitos gestados rededor de la narcocultura y las versiones oficialistas. Nos abre una ventana muy triste, pero muy necesaria para poder lograr, en algún momento, sellar esta herida profunda que nos está desangrando de a poco. This book reflects the corruption and connects all the dots with the so called “drug war” that was a FAKE during the last 20 years in Mexico, it shows how USA and Mexico governments are involved including the DEA, FBI and some members of the Mexican army. A must if you want to understand the way the Sinaloa cartel operates. Un impresionante trabajo de investigación de Anabel Hernández, donde traza los lazos criminales que hicieron a México un verdadero Narco-estado. Revelando además la relación entre el cártel de Sinaloa y la misma DEA, así como la traición que llevó al Vicentillo a la corte de EUA. Criminales todos, involucrados todos, pues el dinero es el todo poderoso en esta sociedad corrupta. Cruda realidad en México... Por muchos años se creyó que los cárteles de la droga en México operaban muy diferente: Siempre con la ilegalidad del gobierno e independiente a este. Ahora, con este libro, podemos darnos cuenta que no es así. Que el mismo gobierno opera con ellos y que la economía de México depende muchas veces, si no es que en todo, del cártel de las drogas. Felicidades Definitivamente un trabajo de periodismo de investigación que merece un premio, por el valor e integridad periodística ejemplar, y toda una lástima lel sistema de corrupción establecido desde muchos años, imperdonable para los representantes de la sociedad. Ya basta de impunidad y ojalá y sirva de ejemplo Breathtaking book It is a phenomenal book, it is well written. It provides extensive detail. I suggest doing a bit of research or gain a additional context or information to avoid getting a bit lost or confused with all the names of characters mentioned in the book. Excelente! Trabajo periodístico de primera calidad. Anabel Hernández nunca decepciona. Uno de sus mejores libros, fundamental para comprender la historia del narcotráfico en Mexico. El trabajo de investigación es impecable, pero resulta demasiado denso para el lector. Se hecha de menos más narrativa. Por ejemplo, creo que con la montaña de información podía construirse mejor el trasfondo personal de los protagonistas. Buen trabajo de investigación Detalles de cómo opera el cartel y los niveles de corrupción de los gobiernos. Vale la pena leerlo de principio a fin. Un libro interesante que muestra los niveles de corrupción que ha alcanzado el gobierno mexicano en sus más altas esferas politicas y de negocios. Un relato muy bien documentado de un miembro del narcotrafico sus redes locales e internacionales. Un excelente libro para entender la complicidad del sistema con el narcotrafico. Excelente trabajo de investigación. Tiene todo documentado. Me deja pensando en el país que estamos habitando. Qué hacemos? Desgraciadamente, una Copita de la realidad de México. Estos serán los nuevos libros de historia de México... Disturbing. Mexico lives under a Narcostate. A must to understand the power and influence Cartel of Sinaloa has since 50 years ago. The dice are loaded against the Mexicans, and will continue to be, unless the inherent corruption of the government and it's public offices are cleansed from all the rotten servants Excelente Libro Excelente libro de principio a fin, conmovedor e impactante, un libro obligado para comprender la desafortunada historia moderna de México. Datos duros sobre el inicio del narcotrafico en Mexico que ha ido creciendo con la complicidad, permisión y protección del gobierno mexicano.

The traitors netflix. The traitor martha wainwright. El traidor es uno de los trabajos periodísticos más ambiciosos en la trayectoria de Anabel Hernández. Su historia se remonta a enero de 2011, cuando la contactó uno de los abogados de Vicente Zambada Niebla, mejor conocido como Vicentillo, quien enfrentaba un juicio en una corte de Chicago. La intención era compartir con la periodista documentos y hechos que ampliaban y esclarecían varios de los episodios que acababa de dar a conocer en Los señores del narco. Entre los documentos a los que tuvo acceso se encuentran el inquietante autorretrato como payaso que aparece en la portada y los diarios realizados por Vicentillo durante las negociaciones para colaborar con el gobierno norteamericano, los cuales hasta ahora eran secretos. En ellos el capo reconstruyó su historia y la historia de una de las organizaciones de tráfico de estupefacientes más grandes del planeta. A lo largo de estas páginas, la autora se adentra en el Cártel de Sinaloa a través del relato de Vicentillo, quien exhibe de manera descarnada cómo funciona el sistema interno que da vida a la organización criminal, la violencia, las mil formas de traficar droga y la complicidad entre políticos, empresarios y fuerzas del orden. Pero sobre todo devela el perfil de quien durante el último medio siglo ha sido el rey del narcotráfico. Quien nunca ha pisado la cárcel y quien desde su trono ha visto caer a amigos, enemigos, socios, competidores, familiares, empleados del gobierno y hasta sus propios hijos, sin que eso haga mella en su poder, el padre de Vicentillo: Ismael el Mayo Zambada.

The traitor 2019. Customer images There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Reviewed in the United States on January 24, 2020 Format: Paperback Verified Purchase Excelente libro tengo dos días leyendo, muy interesante solo una aclaración con respecto a una fecha que aparece en la página 53 donde menciona que el 10 de junio del 2014 casi le cuesta la vida al Mayo, fue el 10 de junio de 1994 la fecha real, solo para futuras reimpresiones del libro, sea corregido. SALUDOS Reviewed in the United States on December 12, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Reviewed in the United States on December 30, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Annabell Hernández es una gran periodista de investigación que ha ganado varios premios internacionales y deja por escrito el testimonio, sin maquillaje, de las operaciones internacionales del cancer mundial y la putrefacción de las agencias de gobierno en Estados Unidos y en México. Los cárteles de la droga son los jefes. Que, ni qué! Y ninguno de los gobiernos actuales en ambos países tiene la voluntad de terminar con ellos. Excelente trabajo Reviewed in the United States on January 7, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Anabel Hernández documents in this book the evidence on US judicial records of the collaboration of the Mexican Presidents from Fox to Peña with the drug lord Mayo Zambada. One can infer that such support goes back decades to Fonseca, Gallardo, Caro Quintero, and their support from Presidents Echeverría, and possibly López Portillo, De la Madrid, for sure Salinas and Zedillo. One may be led to believe that is the doing of few bad apples, since it is centered in one family. However, it is a system with thousands of corrupt public officials, police officers, army officers, and private sector entrepreneurs and regular citizens taking part, even against their will, in crimes and corruption. It is a brave report that portrays a very somber state of our dear Mexico. /Anabel Hernández documenta en éste libro la evidencia en registros judiciales en los EEUU de la colaboración de los Presidentes mexicanos de Fox a Peña con el contrabandista de drogas adictivas, Mayo Zambada. Uno puede hacer la inferencia que tal apoyo data décadas atrás a Fonseca, Gallardo y Quintero y el apoyo de los Presidentes Echeverría, y posiblemente, López Portillo, De la Madrid, seguro Salinas, Zedillo. Uno podría pensar al leer el libro que se trata de unas cuantas manzanas podridas ya que se centra en una familia. Sin embargo, es un sistema de miles de autoridades civiles, oficiales de la policía y el ejército, empresarios y ciudadanos comunes que toman parte así sea contra su voluntad en crímenes y la corrupción. Es un informe valiente que hace un retrato sombrío de nuestro México. Reviewed in the United States on January 9, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Sin duda alguna, este el mejor libro sobre el narco en Mexico. Si quieres entender el por que tanta corrupcion dentro del gobierno Mexicano, desde la policia local asta los presidentes del PRIAN; este es el libro que debes leer. La autora hace un excelente trabajo describiendo como los carteles, aparte de desangrar a Todo Mexico, tambien por muchos años desde la obscuridad gobernaron el pais. Reviewed in the United States on December 25, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Ojala también atrapen a los ex presidentes que son culpables de tantas muertes y violencia en mi México querido ojala Reviewed in the United States on December 16, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Excelente libro que retrata desde la vida dentro del cartel de Sinaloa y como esta se maneja entre socios, gobierno y el negocio Reviewed in the United States on December 21, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Difícil de leer; muchísimos datos. Pero lectura indispensable para entender una buena parte de el México actual. Top international reviews 5. 0 out of 5 stars Mujer valiente Reviewed in Mexico on December 9, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Buen libro, magnífica investigación la sra. Anabel desenmascara y le da una paliza a Fox y a Calderón junto con Genaro García Luna y Peña nieto, los cuales recibieron sobornos del narcotrafico. Saludos B. Silva 31 people found this helpful Sending feedback... Thank you for your feedback. Sorry, we failed to record your vote. Please try again Report abuse 5. 0 out of 5 stars Texto mandatorio de lectura Reviewed in Mexico on December 12, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Con una prosa extremadamente sencilla y para nada pesada describe lo que es el interior de una de las organizaciones criminales del planeta. Muy recomendable!! 15 people found this helpful Pobre Mexico Reviewed in Mexico on December 14, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Desde Luis Echeverria existe la protección del estado al narcotráfico y crimen organizado, cada vez esta protección fue aumentando hasta llegar a la situación actual. Report abuse 4. 0 out of 5 stars Revelador Reviewed in Mexico on December 21, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Es un libro que, de acuerdo a la coyuntura actual (aprehensión de Genaro García Luna y cambio de partido en el poder), es de lectura obligada. Por ejemplo, conocer que el actual titular de la Guardia Nacional Luis Rodríguez Bucio fue subjefe del Estado Mayor Presidencial, siendo un subordinado de un informante directo del Mayo Zambada; o que los Bribiesca Sahagún hicieron fuertes negocios a la sombra del poder; o darse una idea del aparato creado por el cártel de Sinaloa para mantenerse y crecer a escala global en los últimos años. One person found this helpful Cárcel a ex-Presidentes Reviewed in Mexico on February 15, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Recomiendo ampliamente este libro electrónico. Muestra con pruebas la complicidad del gobierno con el crimen organizado, desde ex-funcionarios como Genaro García Luna hasta militares y ex-Presidentes como Fox, Calderón y Peña Nieto, que deberían de estar ya en la cárcel y decomisarles todas las propiedades y sobornos millonarios de dólares que recibieron del narco, en vez de estar con lo de los cachitos de la actual rifa del “avión presidencial”. Sin duda le doy 5 estrellas a la extraordinaria labor de investigación de la autora Anabel Hernández. Un relato donde la esperanza muera y la desolación es la constante. Reviewed in Mexico on December 28, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Quizá cualquier mexicano se puede imaginar el tamaño de la corrupción que existe en México, pero verlo narrado desde las entrañas del narco se vuelve un ejercicio de realidad que ha superado cualquier ficción. Un relato donde la esperanza muere y la desolacion es la constante. Un retrato crudo, cruento y totalmente desolador del MÉXICO actual. Anabel: Orgullo de México Reviewed in Mexico on January 2, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Una vez más Anabel Hernández escribe un libro doloroso y desgarrador. El terrible contubernio de los gobiernos de Fox y Calderón con los cárteles. Y pensar que hay ilusos que creen que Calderón luchaba contra ellos, ¡terrible! Gran libro, a leer sin falta. 2 people found this helpful Report abuse Samuel Ernesto Vazquez Espinosa 5. 0 out of 5 stars Extraordinario y revelador Reviewed in Mexico on January 11, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Es extraordinario el libro "El traidor" de Anabel Hernadez, Lo primero que sorprende es la valentía rayana en temeridad de la autora, quien ha publicado en este y en libros anteriores los crímenes del narco y a las autoridades corruptas que lo solapan, al grado que ha tenido que ir a vivir a USA por las amenazas de muerte que ha recibido. El protagonista es Vicente Zambada N, (a) Vicentillo, hijo del legendario Mayo Zambada, quien a fin de cuentas es el auténtico "Jefe de jefes" del Cartel de Sinaloa, por encima del Chapo Guzmán y es tan hábil y discreto que nunca ha pisado la cárcel en sus 55 años de carrera delictiva. y sus negocios los ha extendidos a decenas de países en todo el mundo. "El Vicentillo" denuncia la impúdica complicidad que goza el Cartel de Sinaloa de los altos mandos del ejercito mexicano, y de las policias federal, estatal y municipal, a cambio de millones de dólares en sobornos. Uno de los principlaes encubridores fue Genaro García Luna. La famosa Guerra contra el narco de Felipe Calderón fue en realidad un convenio entre el ex-presidente con el Cartel de Sinaloa para enfrentar a Los Zetas, Los Beltrán Leyva y a los Carrillo Fuentes. En el libro también se mencionan los "enjuagues" de los entenados de Vicente Fox. Por último asevera "El Vicentillo" que el Cártel de Sinaloa donó millones de dólares a la campaña presidencial de Peña Nieto. No se puede dejar de mencionar la complicidad e hipocrecía de los gringos, pues la DEA ha recibido colaboración del Cartel de Sinaloa, a cambio de hacerse de "la vista gorda" en el tráfico de armas y drogas. La misma CIA ha propiciado el tráfico de drogas, a cambio de que los narcos mexicanos entrenen y den armamento a los mercenarios de la Contra revolución nicaragüense. Tremenda verdad Reviewed in Mexico on February 5, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Lo único que diferencia la realidad a lo escrito por la Sra Anabel es la legitimación de los datos y hechos aportados por ella.. da muchos ejemplos, ya cayó el Chapo ennel juicio y otros más, pero sigue faltando el seguimiento de la ley en México para extirpar ese poder corrupto que se niega a desaparecer.. pero habiendo voces como la autora.. aún queda la esperanza, que se arregle aquí antes que en EUA Excelente Reviewed in Mexico on December 25, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Una historia que se sabia a voces pero que nadie colocaba nombres, como gente con tal de quedar bien genera información que afecta a otras personas, realmente me ha parecido una excelente obra que relata como son las cosas, sin estar a favor o en contra. El arte literario no deja entra a los narcos Reviewed in Mexico on February 28, 2020 Verified Purchase Sin duda es un trabajo de investigación muy arduo y peligroso. Le tengo una gran admiración a la escritora que sin duda es muy valiente. No lo disfruté tanto porque no es el tipo de lecturas que yo disfrute; me inclino más hacia escritos con enfoque literario más que periodístico. Por lo tanto, mi evaluación va encaminada hacia un gusto personal más que cualitativo. Libro interesante Reviewed in Mexico on January 29, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Lectura que nos permite tener una visión de una realidad que se tiene en nuestro país. Y tratar de entender como se manejan las personas que están dentro del trafico de drogas y el poder que ellos han conseguido a costa de ambiciones personales, o políticas, de grupos de personas que no les importa, el cómo de las cosas, para conseguir sus objetivos. Muy interesante. Reviewed in Mexico on December 15, 2019 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase Un libro verdaderamente revelador sobre la colisión del narco y el gobierno mexicano desde los decenios anteriores, es increíble lo que se revela... 3 people found this helpful Excelente cronología del tema del narco en Mexico Reviewed in Mexico on January 31, 2020 Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase La autora tiene un estilo muy claro y una manera acuciosa y entretenida para describir y contarnos la historia del ascenso del cartel de Sinaloa en Mexico y todo el entramado de la política y los hombres de negocios involucrados. Es un libro clave para entender los últimos 40 años del devenir económico en Mexico. Muy bueno Reviewed in Mexico on February 11, 2020 Verified Purchase Había escuchado bastantes comentarios al respecto del libro; pero al ir leyendo simplemente te va envolviendo la narrativa y el tema interesante. La manera de presentarlo y narrarlo por la periodista es muy bueno. Recomendable para enterarse de manera precisa por medio de verdadera investigación. Report abuse.

Es lógico que´l Mayo le da el permiso y la protege. las agallas de la guerrera le acreditan... The traitor imdb. I reckon, not sure that this has been televised.
have watched it partly twice cause I fell asleep, seriously.
storyline, if any, hard to follow.
if you are sufferiing from insomnia I recommend watching it
3 start cause some details were accurate. the end. 23 de Mayo de 1949 esa es la fecha exacta del nacimiento del Mayo, de ahí el porqué del nombre Mayo. Pues no que muy chingones las pinches sinalocas. Son más pinches panochones que la chingada. No se saben amarrar huevos. The traitor book.

De nada sirve que hable. The traitorous eight. The traitors game. The traitor online. The traître. The traitor scene. Me hacen sentir un pogo en el pecho cada vez que los escucho.


Haciendo remeaks no van ah lograr el mismo exito no tienen ideas nuevas ademas cameron diaz es irremplazable. From the debates in the halls of Palermo to the killings in the streets, Bellocchio delivers a very well done movie with all the characteristics to be remembered as a great mafia movie. Favino is just fabolous, great acting. A marvelous portrait of a piece of Italian history. Thank you Marco.

Ya quiero comprar este libro ya esta a la venta en Amazon ? V

The Traitor has wasted a series of really big opportunities, despite taking two and half very long hours of the viewers' time (definitely too much for the results it achieves.
The Traitor could have been the opportunity to explore in depth the complex and controversial personality of Tommaso Buscetta but the movie barely scratches the surface of this multifaceted character.
It could have been the opportunity to dig into the overall role of the "pentiti" of the mafia, the former "men of honour" turned into witnesses for the state; this was a very controversial, ambiguous and surely humanly difficult choice for those people yet again the movie misses its chance.
It could have been the opportunity to offer a deep look into a dramatic moment of the contemporary history of the Italian mafia, the bloody 80' and 90's, but these events are presented in a rather fragmented, disjointed manner, bordering sometimes the caricature (like the trial scenes.
The one thing to be saved of the movie is Favino's performance, really stunning.

The traitor nigerian movie. Jaeden Martell 😍😍😍. El Estado mafioso pintado de cuerpo entero. Qué porquería. The traitor song.



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I found out who the male lead dancer was. his name is Padraic Moyles. if I was 20 years younger 😍. Les Misérables Music Claude-Michel Schönberg Lyrics Alain Boublil (French version) Jean-Marc Natel (French version) Herbert Kretzmer (English version) Book Claude-Michel Schönberg (French version) Trevor Nunn (English version) John Caird (English version) James Fenton (additional material for English version) Basis Les Misérables by Victor Hugo Premiere 24 September 1980: Palais des Sports, Paris Productions Multiple productions worldwide Awards Tony Award for Best Musical Tony Award for Best Book Tony Award for Best Score Laurence Olivier Award for Most Popular Show Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music Helpmann Award for Best Musical Les Misérables (; French pronunciation: ​ [le mizeʁabl(ə)]), colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis (), is a sung-through musical (or operetta) adapted from French poet and novelist Victor Hugo 's 1862 novel of the same name by Claude-Michel Schönberg (music), Alain Boublil and Jean-Marc Natel (original French lyrics), and Herbert Kretzmer (English lyrics). The original French musical premiered in Paris in 1980 with direction by Robert Hossein. Its English-language adaptation by producer Cameron Mackintosh has been running in London since October 1985, making it the longest-running musical in the West End and the second longest-running musical in the world after the original Off-Broadway run of The Fantasticks. Set in early 19th-century France, Les Misérables is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, and his desire for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a bishop inspires him by a tremendous act of mercy, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert. Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists attempt to overthrow the government at a street barricade. Background [ edit] Les Misérables was originally released as a French-language concept album, and the first musical-stage adaptation of Les Misérables was presented at the Palais des Sports in 1980. [1] However, the production closed after three months due to the expiry of the booking contract. [ citation needed] In 1983, about six months after producer Cameron Mackintosh had opened Cats on Broadway, he received a copy of the French concept album from director Peter Farago. Farago had been impressed by the work and asked Mackintosh to produce an English-language version of the show. Initially reluctant, Mackintosh eventually agreed. Mackintosh, in conjunction with the Royal Shakespeare Company, assembled a production team to adapt the French musical for a British audience. After two years in development, the English-language version opened in London on 8 October 1985, by the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Barbican Centre, then the London home of the RSC. The success of the West End musical led to a Broadway production. Critical reception and milestones [ edit] Critical reviews for Les Misérables were initially negative. At the opening of the London production, The Sunday Telegraph ' s Francis King described the musical as "a lurid Victorian melodrama produced with Victorian lavishness" and Michael Ratcliffe of The Observer considered the show "a witless and synthetic entertainment", while literary scholars condemned the project for converting classic literature into a musical. [2] [3] Public opinion differed: the box office received record orders. The three-month engagement sold out, and reviews improved. The original London production ran from October 1985 to July 2019, playing over 13, 000 performances and making it the second longest-running musical in the world after The Fantasticks, [4] the second longest-running West End show after The Mousetrap, [5] and the longest-running musical in the West End (followed by The Phantom of the Opera). [6] On 3 October 2010, the show celebrated its 25th anniversary with three productions running in London: the original production at the Queen's Theatre; the 25th Anniversary touring production at the Barbican Centre; and the 25th Anniversary concert at London's O2 Arena. [6] The Broadway production opened 12 March 1987 and ran until 18 May 2003, closing after 6, 680 performances. At the time of its closing, it was the second-longest running musical in broadway history. [7] As of 2019, it remains the sixth longest-running Broadway show. [8] The show was nominated for 12 Tony Awards and won eight, including Best Musical and Best Original Score. Subsequently, numerous tours and international and regional productions have been staged, as well as concert and broadcast productions. Several recordings have also been made. A Broadway revival opened in 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre and closed in 2008, and a second Broadway revival opened in 2014 at the Imperial Theatre and closed in September 2016. The show was placed first in a BBC Radio 2 listener poll of Britain's "Number One Essential Musicals" in 2005, receiving more than forty percent of the votes. [9] A film version directed by Tom Hooper was released at the end of 2012 to generally positive reviews as well as numerous awards nominations, winning three Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards and four British Academy Film Awards (BAFTA). Emblem [ edit] The drawing of Cosette by Émile Bayard that served as the model for the musical's emblem. The musical's emblem is a picture of the waif Cosette sweeping the Thénardiers' inn (which occurs in the musical during "Castle on a Cloud"). It is usually cropped to a head-and-shoulders portrait, superimposed on the French flag. The image is based on an etching by Gustave Brion, which in turn was based on the drawing by Émile Bayard. Bayard's drawing appeared in several of the novel's earliest French-language editions. Synopsis [ edit] Act I [ edit] In 1815 France, prisoners work at hard labour ("Work Song"). After 19 years in prison (five for stealing bread for his sister's starving son and her family, and the rest for trying to escape), Jean Valjean, "prisoner 24601", is released on parole by the prison guard Javert. By law, Valjean must display a yellow ticket of leave, which identifies him as an ex-convict ("On Parole"). As a convict, Valjean is shunned wherever he goes and cannot find regular work with decent wages or lodging, but the Bishop of Digne offers him food and shelter. Desperate and embittered, Valjean steals the Bishop's silver, angering a farmer and other merchants as he flees. He is captured by the police, but rather than turn him in, the Bishop lies and tells the police that the silver was a gift, giving Valjean a pair of silver candlesticks in addition. The Bishop tells Valjean that he must use the silver "to become an honest man" and that he has "bought (Valjean's) soul for God" ("Valjean Arrested, Valjean Forgiven"). Ashamed and humbled by the Bishop's kindness, Valjean resolves to redeem his sins ("Valjean's Soliloquy" / "What Have I Done? "). He tears up his yellow ticket, breaking his parole but giving himself a chance to start a new life free from the stigma of his criminal past. Eight years later, in 1823, Valjean has assumed a new identity as Monsieur Madeleine, a wealthy factory owner and mayor of Montreuil-sur-Mer. Fantine is a single mother working in his factory, trying to support her daughter Cosette, who is being raised by an innkeeper and his wife while Fantine labours in the city. Unbeknownst to Valjean, the factory foreman lusts after Fantine, and when she rejects his advances, he takes it out on the other workers, who resent her for it. One day, a coworker steals a letter about Cosette from Fantine, revealing to the other workers that Fantine has a child. A fight breaks out, and the foreman and other workers use the incident as a pretence to fire Fantine ("At the End of the Day"). Fantine reflects on her broken dreams and about Cosette's father, who abandoned them both (" I Dreamed a Dream "). Desperate for money, she sells her locket and hair, finally becoming a prostitute ("Lovely Ladies"), and attracts local sailors. When she fights back against an abusive customer, Bamatabois, Javert, now a police inspector stationed in Montreuil-sur-Mer, arrives to arrest her. But Valjean, passing by the scene, pities Fantine, and when he realises she once worked for him and that she blames him for her misfortune, he is guilt-stricken. He orders Javert to release her and takes her to a hospital ("Fantine's Arrest"). Soon afterwards, Valjean rescues a man, Fauchelevent, who is pinned by a runaway cart ("The Runaway Cart"). Javert, who has up until now not recognised Valjean, though he has pursued him as a fugitive all these years, witnesses the incident and becomes suspicious, remembering the incredible strength Valjean displayed in the work camp. But it turns out another man has been arrested, and is about to go to trial for breaking parole. The real Valjean realises that this case of mistaken identity could free him forever, but he is not willing to see an innocent man go to prison in his place and so confesses his identity to the court ("Who Am I? —The Trial"). At the hospital, a delirious Fantine dreams of Cosette. Valjean promises to find Cosette and protect her ("Come to Me" / "Fantine's Death"). Relieved, Fantine succumbs to her illness and dies. Javert arrives to take Valjean back into custody, but Valjean asks Javert for time to fetch Cosette. Javert refuses, insisting that a criminal like Valjean can never change or do good. They struggle, but Valjean overpowers Javert and escapes ("The Confrontation"). In Montfermeil, the duplicitous innkeepers, the Thénardiers, use Cosette as a servant and treat her cruelly while extorting money from Fantine by claiming that Cosette is regularly and seriously ill, as well as demanding money to feed and clothe Cosette, all the while indulging their own daughter, Éponine. Cosette dreams of a life with a mother where she is not forced to work and is treated lovingly ("Castle on a Cloud"). The Thénardiers cheat their customers, stealing their possessions and setting high prices for low-quality service, and live a life of criminal depravity ("Master of the House"). Valjean meets Cosette while she's on an errand drawing water and offers the Thénardiers payment to adopt her ("The Bargain"). The Thénardiers feign concern for Cosette, claiming that they love her like a daughter and that she is in fragile health, and bargain with Valjean, who pays them 1, 500 francs in the end. Valjean and Cosette leave for Paris ("The Waltz of Treachery"). Nine years later, in 1832, Paris is in upheaval because of the impending death of General Lamarque, the only man in the government who shows mercy to the poor. Among those mingling in the streets are the student revolutionaries Marius Pontmercy and Enjolras, who contemplate the effect Lamarque's death will have on the poor and desperate in Paris; the Thénardiers, who have since lost their inn and now run a street gang which consists of thugs Brujon, Babet, Claquesous, and Montparnasse; the Thénardier's daughter Éponine, who is now grown and has fallen in love with Marius (who is oblivious to her affections); and the streetwise young urchin Gavroche, who knows everything that happens in the slums ("Look Down"). The Thénardiers prepare to con some charitable visitors, who turn out to be Valjean and Cosette, who has grown into a beautiful young woman. While the gang bamboozles her father, Cosette runs into Marius, and the pair fall in love at first sight. Thénardier suddenly recognises Valjean, but before they can finish the robbery, Javert, now an inspector stationed in Paris, comes to the rescue ("The Robbery"). Valjean and Cosette escape, and only later (when Thénardier tips him off) does Javert suspect who they were. Javert makes a vow to the stars – which represent his belief in a just and ordered universe where suffering is a punishment for sin – that he will find Valjean and recapture him ("Stars"). Meanwhile, Marius persuades Éponine to help him find Cosette ("Éponine's Errand"). At a small café, Enjolras exhorts a group of idealistic students to prepare for revolution. Marius interrupts the serious atmosphere by fantasising about his new-found love, much to the amusement of his compatriots, particularly the wine-loving Grantaire ("The ABC Café—Red and Black"). When Gavroche brings the news of General Lamarque's death, the students realise that they can use the public's dismay to incite their revolution and that their time has come ("Do You Hear the People Sing? "). At Valjean's house, Cosette thinks about her chance meeting with Marius and later confronts Valjean about the secrets he keeps about his and her own past ("Rue Plumet—In My Life"). Éponine leads Marius to Cosette's garden. He and Cosette meet again and confess their mutual love, while a heartbroken Éponine watches them through the garden gate and laments that Marius has fallen in love with another ("A Heart Full of Love"). Thénardier and his gang arrive, intending to rob Valjean's house, but Éponine stops them by screaming a warning ("The Attack on Rue Plumet"). The scream alerts Valjean, who believes that the intruder was Javert. He tells Cosette that it's time once again for them to go on the run, and starts planning for them to flee France altogether. On the eve of the 1832 Paris Uprising, Valjean prepares to go into exile; Cosette and Marius part in despair; Enjolras encourages all of Paris to join the revolution as he and the other students prepare for battle; Éponine acknowledges despairingly that Marius will never love her; Marius is conflicted whether to follow Cosette or join the uprising; Javert reveals his plans to spy on the students; and the Thénardiers scheme to profit off the coming violence. Marius decides to stand with his friends, and all anticipate what the dawn will bring ("One Day More"). [6] Act II [ edit] As the students build a barricade to serve as their rally point, Javert, disguised as a rebel, volunteers to "spy" on the government troops. Marius discovers that Éponine has disguised herself as a boy to join the rebels and, wanting to keep her away from the impending violence, he sends her to deliver a farewell letter to Cosette. ("Building the Barricade—Upon These Stones") Valjean intercepts the letter and learns about Marius and Cosette's romance. Éponine walks the streets of Paris alone, imagining that Marius is there with her, but laments that her love for Marius will never be reciprocated ("On My Own"). The French army arrives at the barricade and demands that the students surrender ("At the Barricade—Upon These Stones"). Though Javert tells the students that the government will not attack that night ("Javert's Arrival"), Gavroche recognises him and quickly exposes him as a spy, and the students detain Javert ("Little People"). Their plan is to spark a general uprising with their act of defiance, hoping that all the people of Paris will side with them and overwhelm the army. Éponine returns to find Marius but is shot by the soldiers crossing the barricade. As Marius holds her, she assures him that she feels no pain and reveals her love for him before dying in his arms ("A Little Fall of Rain"). The students mourn this first loss of life at the barricades and resolve to fight in her name, and they carry her body away while Enjolras attempts to comfort Marius, who is heartbroken over the death of his best friend. Valjean arrives at the barricade, crossing the government lines, disguised as a soldier ("Night of Anguish"), hoping that he might somehow protect Marius in the coming battle for Cosette's sake. The rebels are suspicious of him at first, but when the army attacks, Valjean saves Enjolras by shooting at a sniper and scaring him off, and they accept him as one of them. In return, he asks Enjolras to be the one to execute the imprisoned Javert, which Enjolras grants. But as soon as Valjean and Javert are alone, Valjean frees Javert. Javert warns Valjean that he will not give up his pursuit and rejects what he perceives as a bargain for Valjean's freedom. Valjean says there are no conditions to his release, and holds no ill-will toward Javert for doing his duty ("The First Attack"). The students settle down for the night and reminisce about the past while also expressing anxiety about the battle to come. Enjolras tells the other students to stay awake in case the enemy strikes unexpectedly in the night, but he tells Marius to get some sleep, knowing Marius is still much too devastated over losing Éponine to stay awake. Grantaire gets angry and asks the students if they fear to die as Marius wonders if Cosette will remember him if he dies ("Drink with Me"). As Marius sleeps, Valjean prays to God to protect Marius, even if the cost for Marius' safety is his own life ("Bring Him Home"). As dawn approaches, Enjolras realises that the people of Paris have not risen up with them, but resolves to fight on in spite of the impossible odds ("Dawn of Anguish"). Their resolve is fired even further when the army kills Gavroche, who snuck out to collect ammunition from bodies on the other side of the barricade ("The Second Attack / Death of Gavroche"). The army gives a final warning, but the rebels fight to the last man with Enjolras exhorting "Let others rise to take our place, until the Earth is free! ". Everyone at the barricade is killed except Valjean and a gravely wounded Marius, who escape into the sewers ("The Final Battle"). Javert returns to the barricade, searching for Valjean amongst the bodies, and finds the open sewer grating. Valjean carries Marius through the sewers but collapses in exhaustion. While he is unconscious, Thénardier, who has been looting bodies ("Dog Eats Dog"), comes upon them and takes a ring from the unconscious Marius, but flees when Valjean (whom he again recognises) regains consciousness. When Valjean carries Marius to the sewer's exit, he finds Javert waiting for him. Valjean begs Javert for one hour to bring Marius to a doctor, and Javert reluctantly agrees. Javert finds himself unable to reconcile Valjean's merciful acts with his conception of Valjean as an irredeemable criminal. Refusing to compromise his principles but no longer able to hold them sacred, he finds himself torn between his beliefs about God and his desire to adhere to the law and dies by suicide by throwing himself into the Seine ("Soliloquy/Javert's Suicide"). In the wake of the failed revolution, women mourn the deaths of the students ("Turning") and Marius, wounded but alive, despairs at the sacrifice of so many lives and at the death of his friends while he survives ("Empty Chairs at Empty Tables"). As he wonders who saved his own life, Cosette comforts him, and they reaffirm their blossoming romance. Valjean realises that Cosette will not need him as a caretaker once she's married and gives them his blessing ("Every Day"). Valjean confesses to Marius that he is an escaped convict and must go away because his presence endangers Cosette ("Valjean's Confession"), making Marius promise never to tell Cosette. A few months later, Marius and Cosette marry ("Wedding Chorale"). The Thénardiers crash the reception disguised as nobility and attempt to blackmail Marius, telling him that Valjean is a murderer and that Thénardier saw him carrying a corpse in the sewers after the barricades fell. When Thénardier shows him the ring as proof, Marius realises that it was Valjean who saved his life. The newlyweds leave to find Valjean (in some productions, Marius pauses to give Thénardier a punch in the face). The Thénardiers are not discouraged, instead gloating that their craven practicality has saved their lives time and time again ("Beggars at the Feast"). At a convent, Valjean awaits his death, having nothing left to live for. The spirit of Fantine appears to him and tells him that he has been forgiven and will soon be with God. Cosette and Marius arrive to find Valjean near death. Valjean thanks God for letting him live long enough to see Cosette again, and Marius thanks him for saving his life ("Epilogue – Valjean's Death"). Valjean gives Cosette a letter confessing his troubled past and the truth about her mother. As he dies, the spirits of Fantine and Éponine guide him to Heaven reminding him that "to love another person is to see the face of God. " They are joined by the spirits of those who died at the barricades, who sing that in the next world, God lays low all tyranny and frees all oppressed people from their shackles ("Do You Hear The People Sing? (Reprise)"). Musical numbers [ edit] Act I Song Performer(s) 1 "Prologue: Work Song" Chain Gang, Javert, Jean Valjean 2 "Prologue: On Parole" Jean Valjean, Farmer, Labourer, Innkeeper's Wife, Innkeeper, Bishop of Digne 3 "Prologue: Valjean Arrested, Valjean Forgiven" Constables, Bishop of Digne 4 "Prologue: What Have I Done? " Jean Valjean 5 "At the End of the Day" Fantine, Foreman, Factory Girl, Jean Valjean, Workers, Company 6 " I Dreamed a Dream " Fantine 7 "Lovely Ladies" Fantine, Sailors, Whores, Old Woman, Crone, Pimp, Ensemble 8 "Fantine's Arrest" Bamatabois, Fantine, Javert and Jean Valjean 9 "'The Runaway Cart" Fauchevelant, Javert, Jean Valjean, Ensemble 10 "Who Am I? / The Trial" 11 "Fantine's Death: Come to Me" Fantine and Jean Valjean 12 "The Confrontation" Javert and Jean Valjean 13 "Castle on a Cloud" Young Cosette 14 "Master of the House" Thénardier, Madame Thénardier, Ensemble 15 "The Well Scene" Valjean and Young Cosette 16 "The Bargain / The Thénardier Waltz of Treachery" Jean Valjean, Thénardier, Madame Thénardier 17 "Look Down" Gavroche, Old Woman, Prostitute, Pimp, Enjolras, Marius, Company 18 "The Robbery" Thénardier, Madame Thénardier, Marius, Éponine, Jean Valjean 19 "Javert's Intervention" Javert, Thénardier 20 "Stars" Javert 21 "Éponine's Errand" Éponine and Marius 22 "ABC Café / Red and Black" Combeferre, Feuilly, Courfeyrac, Enjolras, Joly, Marius, Grantaire, Legsles, Prouvaire, Gavroche 23 " Do You Hear the People Sing? " Enjolras, Combeferre, Courfeyrac, Feuilly, Ensemble 24 "Rue Plumet – In My Life" Cosette, Jean Valjean, Marius and Éponine 25 "A Heart Full of Love" Marius, Cosette and Éponine 26 "The Attack on the Rue Plumet" Thénardier, Brujon, Babet, Claquesous, Montparnasse, Éponine, Marius, Jean Valjean and Cosette 27 " One Day More " Jean Valjean, Marius, Cosette, Éponine, Enjolras, Javert, Thénardier, Madame Thénardier and Company Act II 28 "Building the Barricade (Upon These Stones)" Enjolras, Javert, Prouvaire, Grantaire, Legsles, Marius, Éponine 29 " On My Own " Éponine 30 "At the Barricade (Upon These Stones)" Enjolras, Marius, Grantaire, Combeferre, Courfeyrac, Feuilly, Students, and Army Officer 31 "Javert's Arrival" Javert and Enjolras 32 "Little People" Gavroche 33 "A Little Fall of Rain" (Éponine's Death) 34 "Night of Anguish" Enjolras and Students 35 "The First Attack" Enjolras, Valjean, Javert, Students 36 "Drink with Me" Feuilly, Prouvaire, Joly, Grantaire, Marius, Company 37 "Bring Him Home" Valjean 38 "Dawn of Anguish" Enjolras 39 "The Second Attack (Death of Gavroche)" Enjolras, Marius, Gavroche, Students 40 "The Final Battle" Army Officer, Enjolras, Company 41 "Dog Eats Dog (The Sewers)" Thénardier 42 "Soliloquy (Javert's Suicide)" 43 "Turning" Women of Paris 44 "Empty Chairs at Empty Tables" Marius 45 "Every Day" Cosette, Marius and Valjean 46 "Valjean's Confession" Marius and Valjean 47 "Wedding Chorale"/ Beggars at the Feast Marius, Cosette, Thénardier, Madame Thénardier, Company 48 "Valjean's Death" Valjean, Fantine, Cosette, Marius and Éponine 49 "Do You Hear The People Sing? (Reprise) / [Finale]" Full Company Instrumentation [ edit] The standard orchestration for the 2009 U. K. tour of Les Misérables consisted of: Bass Cello Horn 1 Horn 2 Keyboard 1 Keyboard 2 Percussion Reed 1 (Alto Flute, Alto Recorder, Flute, Piccolo) Reed 2 (Cor Anglais, Oboe) Reed 3 (B♭ Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, E♭ Clarinet, Tenor Recorder) Trombone/ Tuba Trumpet/ Flugelhorn Viola Violin [10] Characters [ edit] Characters in order of appearance Character [11] Voice [12] Description dramatic tenor A♭2-B4(D5 optional) Prisoner 24601. After being released from imprisonment for serving nineteen years (five for stealing a loaf of bread and fourteen for multiple escape attempts), he breaks parole and, after receiving mercy from Bishop Myriel, turns his life around to live for God, showing the effects of God's grace that bring a corrupt man into virtuous and selfless living. He changes his identity, becoming the wealthy mayor of a small town. He later adopts Cosette, the only daughter of Fantine. At the end, he eventually dies and the spirit of Fantine thanks him for raising her child. baritone F2-F♯4 Respects the law above all else and relentlessly pursues Valjean, hoping to bring the escaped convict to justice. He firmly believes in the justice of the law, and has no room for mercy. In the end he dies by suicide, broken by the mercy he experiences from Valjean. The Bishop of Digne A2-E4 Shelters Valjean after his release from jail and gives him gifts of silver and absolution. His acts of kindness move Valjean to surrender his ways to God, escaping the label of "criminal" and living in a new identity. The Factory Foreman bass D3-D4 Foreman of Valjean's (Valjean has assumed the name Madeleine) jet bead factory in Montreuil-sur-Mer which employs Fantine and other workers. The Foreman fires Fantine from the factory when she persists in resisting his overt sexual advances and because it is discovered that she is the mother of an illegitimate child (Cosette) living elsewhere. The Factory Girl soprano F4-E♭5 Mistress to the Factory Foreman. She intercepts a letter that the Thénardiers have sent to Fantine which exposes her as the mother of an illegitimate child, and the Factory Girl shows it to the Foreman, goading him into firing her. lyric mezzo-soprano D3-E♭5 An impoverished factory worker who loses her job and, as a result, turns to prostitution in order to continue paying the Thénardiers to care for her illegitimate daughter, Cosette. As Fantine dies of consumption, she asks Valjean to look after her child. Ultimately she appears as a spirit and escorts the dying Valjean to Heaven. Crone Also called "The Locket Crone", this character is the woman who talks Fantine into selling her precious locket for much less than it is worth. Old Woman contralto E4-D5 Affectionately called "The Hair Hag" in many of the original US companies, the Old Woman is the character who talks Fantine into selling her hair before Fantine becomes a prostitute. Bamatabois An upper-class "fop" who tries to buy Fantine's services. He treats her abusively so she refuses him. When Javert enters the scene, Bamatabois tries to cover the fact that he was soliciting a prostitute by having her arrested for attacking him unprovoked. Fauchelevent In a role reduced from the novel, he appears only in the Cart Crash scene, where he is trapped under the cart and rescued by Valjean. He is an elderly man who has fallen upon hard times. Champmathieu silent A man who is arrested and on trial because he is believed to be Jean Valjean. Valjean, still under the name Madeleine, confesses his true identity at the trial in order to save the man. treble The eight-year-old daughter of Fantine. Cosette is in the care of the Thénardiers who are paid by Fantine to take care of her child. Unknown to Fantine, the Thénardiers force Cosette to work, and they use Fantine's money for their own needs. Madame Thénardier G♯3-D5 Thénardier's unscrupulous wife, who abuses Cosette but dotes on her own daughter, Éponine. She is fully complicit in most of her husband's crimes and schemes. Young Éponine The pampered daughter of the Thénardiers. She grows up with Cosette and is unkind to her. comic baritone G♯2-G4 A second-rate thief, Thénardier runs a small inn where he continually bilks his customers. He and his family later travel to Paris, where he sets up as the leader of a gang of street thugs and con men. An eternal survivor, Thénardier is above nothing and below everything. boy soprano A2-G4 (OR A3-G5) A streetwise urchin who knows everyone and everything that happens in the slums of Paris. He joins up with the revolutionaries, and later dies on the barricade attempting to recover ammunition from fallen soldiers. baritone or tenor A2-G4(Bb4 optional) The leader of the student revolutionaries and a friend of Marius. He is Idealistic, although his plan is doomed to failure. A2-G4 (or B♭2-A♭4) A student revolutionary, is friends with Éponine, but falls in love with Cosette, and she with him. He is later rescued from the barricades by Valjean, who ultimately gives Marius and Cosette his blessing, allowing them to be married. mezzo-soprano F3-E5 Daughter of the Thénardiers, Éponine, now a ragged street waif and a thief like her father, secretly loves Marius. Although it causes her great anguish, she helps him locate Cosette and later delivers a message he sends her from the barricade. She is killed while returning to the barricades to see Marius. In the end she appears as a spirit alongside Fantine and they guide the dying Valjean to Heaven. Brujon A brutish and cowardly, but dissatisfied, member of Thénardier's Gang. Brujon's role in the musical expands to cover Gueulemer. Babet A foreboding member of Thénardier's Gang. Claquesous A member of Thénardier's Gang Quiet and masked, expert at evading the police, Claquesous might in fact be working for the law. Montparnasse A young member of Thénardier's Gang, Montparnasse is a handsome man who appears to be close to Éponine. He is usually portrayed as well-dressed, as he is in the book. Cosette B♭3-C6 Cosette, the daughter of Fantine, has grown up to become a beautiful young woman of culture and privilege under Valjean's adoptive and loving fatherly care and protection. She falls in love with Marius, and he returns her equally strong and pure romantic feelings. She marries him at the end of the musical. Friends of the ABC baritones and tenors A2-G4 Student revolutionaries who lead a revolution and die in the process, the Friends of the ABC become martyrs for the rights of citizens. (See Members listed below) Combeferre Combeferre is the philosopher of the ABC group. Enjolras' second-in-command. He is described as the guide of the Friends of the ABC. Feuilly tenor A2-A4 Feuilly is the only member of the Friends of the ABC who is not a student; he is a workingman. An optimist who stands as a sort of ambassador for the "outside", while the rest of the men stand for France. He loves Poland very much. Courfeyrac Friendly and open, Courfeyrac introduces Marius to the ABC society in the novel. He always has many mistresses, and is described as the centre of the Friends of the ABC, always giving off warmth. Joly A medical student and a hypochondriac; best friends with Lesgles. Grantaire Grantaire is a member of the Friends of the ABC. Though he admires Enjolras, Grantaire often opposes Enjolras' fierce determination and occasionally acts as a voice of reason. In many performances, Grantaire is very close to Gavroche and attempts to act as his protector. Grantaire is a drunkard and is often tipsy throughout the musical, carrying a bottle of wine wherever he goes. He has no interest in the revolution, and is there because his friends are. He asks of them before the final battle whether they believe their deaths will accomplish anything. Jean Prouvaire Prouvaire, a poet, is the youngest student member of the Friends. Jean Prouvaire has the honor of waving the giant red flag during "One Day More" at the end of Act One. Lesgles Best friends with Joly. A very unlucky man, but also a very happy one. Army Officer/Loud Hailer C4-G4 A voice from offstage, he demands the surrender of the student revolutionaries before the army attacks, telling them that the people of Paris have not answered their call for help. Casts [ edit] Original casts [ edit] Character Original Album Concept French cast 1980 Original French cast 1980 Original West End cast 1985 Original Broadway cast 1987 Original U. S. tour cast 1987 1st Broadway revival cast 2006 2nd Broadway revival cast 2014 1st West End revival cast 2019 Maurice Barrier Colm Wilkinson William Solo Alexander Gemignani Ramin Karimloo Jon Robyns Jacques Mercier Jean Vallée Roger Allam Terrence Mann Herndon Lackey Norm Lewis Will Swenson Bradley Jaden Yvan Dautin Alun Armstrong Leo Burmester Tom Robbins Gary Beach Cliff Saunders Gerard Carey Marie-France Roussel Susan Jane Tanner Jennifer Butt Victoria Clark Jenny Galloway Keala Settle Josefina Gabrielle Rose Laurens Patti LuPone Randy Graff Diane Fratantoni Daphne Rubin-Vega Caissie Levy Carrie Hope Fletcher Fabienne Guyon Rebecca Caine Judy Kuhn Tamara Jenkins Ali Ewoldt Samantha Hill Lily Kerhoas Marius Pontmercy Richard Dewitte Gilles Buhlmann Michael Ball David Bryant Hugh Panaro Adam Jacobs Andy Mientus Harry Apps Michel Sardou Christian Ratellin David Burt Michael Maguire John Herrera Aaron Lazar Kyle Scatliffe Ashley Gilmour Éponine Thénardier Marie-France Dufour Marianne Mille Frances Ruffelle Renee Veneziale Celia Keenan-Bolger Nikki M. James Shan Ako Gavroche Thénardier Fabrice Bernard Florence Davis Cyrille Dupont Fabrice Ploquin Ian Tucker Oliver Spencer Liza Hayden Braden Danner RD Robb Lantz Landry Andrew Renshaw Brian D'Addario Jacob Levine Austyn Myers Joshua Colley Gaten Matarazzo Logan Clark Billy Jenkins Taye Matthew Charlie Stripp Concert casts [ edit] 10th anniversary concert cast 1995 25th anniversary concert cast 2010 The all-star staged concert cast 2019 Alfie Boe ( John Owen-Jones at certain performances) Philip Quast Matt Lucas Katy Secombe Ruthie Henshall Lea Salonga Katie Hall Nick Jonas Rob Houchen Samantha Barks Adam Searles Robert Madge Charlie Hagen, Che Grant, Logan Clark, Theo Collis, Kayleb Rene-Gray Anthony Crivello Hadley Fraser Raymond Walsh Jérôme Pardon Killian Donnelly Barnaby Hughes, Niall Sheehy Paul Monaghan Earl Carpenter Gareth Snook Cameron Blakely Productions [ edit] Sit-down productions [ edit] Original French production [ edit] The Palais des Sports, now Dôme de Paris, in Paris where the musical was first performed. Alain Boublil's initial idea to adapt Victor Hugo's novel into a musical came while at a performance of the musical Oliver! in London: As soon as the Artful Dodger came onstage, Gavroche came to mind. It was like a blow to the solar plexus. I started seeing all the characters of Victor Hugo's Les Misérables —Valjean, Javert, Gavroche, Cosette, Marius, and Éponine—in my mind's eye, laughing, crying, and singing onstage. [13] He shared the idea with French composer Claude-Michel Schönberg, and the two developed a rough synopsis and analysis of each character's mental and emotional state, as well as that of an audience. Schönberg then began work on the music, while Boublil the text. According to Boublil, "I could begin work on the words. This I did—after myself deciding on the subject and title of every song—in collaboration with my friend, poet Jean-Marc Natel. " [14] Two years later, a two-hour demo tape of Schönberg accompanying himself on the piano and singing every role was completed. An album of this collaboration was recorded at CTS Studios in Wembley and was released in 1980, selling 260, 000 copies. [ citation needed] The concept album includes Maurice Barrier as Jean Valjean, Jacques Mercier as Javert, Rose Laurens as Fantine, Yvan Dautin as Thénardier, Marie-France Roussel as Mme. Thénardier, Richard Dewitte as Marius, Fabienne Guyon as Cosette, Marie-France Dufour as Éponine, Michel Sardou as Enjolras, Fabrice Bernard as Gavroche, Maryse Cédolin as Young Cosette, Claude-Michel Schönberg as Courfeyrac, Salvatore Adamo as Combeferre, Michel Delpech as Feuilly, Dominique Tirmont as M. Gillenormand, and Mireille as the hair buyer. That year, in September 1980, a stage version directed by veteran French film director Robert Hossein was produced at the Palais des Sports in Paris. The show was a success, with 100 performances seen by over 500, 000 people. [15] [16] [17] Most of the cast from the concept album performed in the production. [15] [18] The cast included Maurice Barrier as Valjean, Jean Vallée as Javert, Rose Laurens as Fantine, Maryse Cédolin and Sylvie Camacho and Priscilla Patron as Young Cosette, Marie-France Roussel as Mme. Thénardier, Yvan Dautin as M. Thénardier, Florence Davis and Fabrice Ploquin and Cyrille Dupont as Gavroche, Marianne Mille as Éponine, Gilles Buhlmann as Marius, Christian Ratellin as Enjolras, Fabienne Guyon as Cosette, René-Louis Baron as Combeferre, Dominique Tirmont as M. Gillenormand, Anne Forrez as Mlle. Gillenormand, and Claude Reva as the storyteller. [15] [18] [19] [20] Original London production [ edit] The English-language version, with lyrics by Herbert Kretzmer and additional material by James Fenton, was substantially expanded and reworked from a literal translation by Siobhan Bracke of the original Paris version, in particular adding a prologue to tell Jean Valjean's background story. Kretzmer's lyrics are not a direct translation of the French, a term that Kretzmer refused to use. A third of the English lyrics were a rough translation, another third were adapted from the French lyrics and the final third consisted of new material. The majority is performed in recitative style; the vocalists use natural speech, not musical metrics. [21] The first production in English, produced by Cameron Mackintosh and adapted and directed by Trevor Nunn and John Caird, played to preview performances beginning on 28 September 1985 and formally opened on 8 October 1985 at the Barbican Centre, London. It was billed in the programme as "The Royal Shakespeare Company presentation of the RSC/Cameron Mackintosh production". The set was designed by John Napier, costumes by Andreane Neofitou and lighting by David Hersey. Musical supervision and orchestrations were by John Cameron, who had been involved with the show since Boublil and Schönberg hired him to orchestrate the original French concept album. Musical staging was by Kate Flatt with musical direction by Martin Koch. The original London cast included Colm Wilkinson as Jean Valjean, Roger Allam as Javert, Ken Caswell as the Bishop of Digne, Patti LuPone as Fantine, Zoë Hart, Justine McIntyre, Jayne O'Mahony and Joanne Woodcock as Young Cosette, Danielle Akers, Gillian Brander and Juliette Caton as Young Éponine, Susan Jane Tanner as Madame Thénardier, Alun Armstrong as Thénardier, Frances Ruffelle as Éponine, Rebecca Caine as Cosette, Michael Ball as Marius, David Burt as Enjolras, with Ian Tucker, Oliver Spencer and Liza Hayden sharing the role of Gavroche. [22] [23] On 4 December 1985, the show transferred to the Palace Theatre, London and moved again on 3 April 2004, to the smaller Queens Theatre, now called the Sondheim Theatre, with some revisions of staging. [24] The show celebrated its ten-thousandth performance on 5 January 2010 [25] and its 30th anniversary in October 2015. [26] The co-production has generated valuable income for the Royal Shakespeare Company. [27] The original show closed at the Queen's Theatre on 13 July 2019 to allow for theatre refurbishments, after which a staged concert was performed at the adjacent Gielgud Theatre for a four-month run before it returned to the Sondheim Theatre. [28] [29] The newly updated London production developed in 2009 for the 25th anniversary touring production opened at the newly renamed Sondheim Theatre on 18 December 2019 in previews with opening night set for 16 January 2020. [30] The new production is co-directed by James Powell and Laurence Connor with set and image design by Matt Kinley, lighting by Paule Constable, sound by Mick Potter and costumes by Andreane Neofitou and Christine Rowlands. The first cast for this new version included Jon Robyns (Valjean), Bradley Jaden (Javert), Carrie Hope Fletcher (Fantine), Shan Ako (Éponine), Lily Kerhoas (Cosette), Harry Apps (Marius), Gerard Carey (Thénardier), Josefina Gabrielle (Madame Thénardier) and Ashley Gilmour (Enjolras). [31] Original Broadway production [ edit] The musical opened as a pre-Broadway tryout at the Kennedy Center 's Opera House in Washington, D. C. on 27 December 1986. It ran for eight weeks through 14 February 1987. [32] The musical then premiered on Broadway on 12 March 1987 at The Broadway Theatre. Colm Wilkinson and Frances Ruffelle reprised their roles from the London production. [33] The $4. 5 million production had a more than $4 million advance sale prior to its New York opening. [34] The show underwent further tightening, namely with improved sewer lighting and the incorporation of the Javert suicide scene effect. [35] A New York Times report consisted of the following: "The transfer from London to the United States has prompted further modifications. 'We are taking this opportunity to rethink and perfect, to rewrite some details which probably no one else will see, but which for us are still long nights of work, ' Mr. Boublil says. 'There are things that nobody had time to do in London, and here we have a wonderful opportunity to fix a few things. No one will notice, perhaps, but for us, it will make us so happy if we can better this show. We would like this to be the final version. ' " [34] Two songs were deleted—the complete version of Gavroche's song "Little People" and the adult Cosette's "I Saw Him Once". A short section at the beginning of "In My Life" replaced "I Saw Him Once". The lyrics in Javert's "Stars" were changed. It now ended with the line, "This I swear by the stars! ", while the London production and cast recording ended with the repeated line, "Keeping watch in the night". The original Broadway cast included Colm Wilkinson as Jean Valjean, David Bryant as Marius, Judy Kuhn as Cosette, Michael Maguire as Enjolras, Frances Ruffelle as Éponine, Braden Danner as Gavroche, Donna Vivino as Young Cosette, Jennifer Butt as Madame Thénardier, Leo Burmester as Thénardier, Randy Graff as Fantine, Terrence Mann as Javert, and Chrissie McDonald as Young Éponine. [33] Other members of the original Broadway cast included Kevin Marcum (Brujon), Paul Harman (Combeferre/Foreman), Anthony Crivello (Grantaire/Bambatosis), John Dewar (Joly), Joseph Kolinski (Feuilly), Alex Santoriello (Montparnasse/Labourer), Jesse Corti (Courfeyrac/Farmer), Susan Goodman (Old Woman/Innkeeper's Wife), John Norman (Prouvaire/Pimp), Norman Large (Bishop/Lesgles), Marcus Lovett (Babet/Constable), Steve Shocket (Claquesous/Fauchevelant/Constable/Pimp), Cindy Benson (Old Woman), Marcie Shaw, Jane Bodle, Joanna Glushak, Ann Crumb (Factory Girl), Kelli James, and Gretchen Kingsley-Weihe. Michael Hinton was the original drummer and credited on the cast album. [33] The musical ran at the Broadway Theatre through 10 October 1990, when it moved to the Imperial Theatre. [33] It was scheduled to close on 15 March 2003, but the closing was postponed by a surge in public interest. [36] According to an article in The Scotsman, "Sales picked up last October, when Sir Cameron made the announcement that the show would be closing on March 15th... its closure postponed to May 18th because of an unexpected increase in business. " [37] After 6, 680 performances in sixteen years, [37] when it closed on 18 May 2003, [33] it was the second- longest-running Broadway musical after Cats. [38] It was surpassed by The Phantom of the Opera in 2006. [39] This Broadway production of Les Misérables and its advertising in New York City is a recurring theme in American Psycho. The reviewer for the Financial Times wrote that Les Misérables is "the book's hilarious main cultural compass-point". [40] 2006 Broadway revival [ edit] Only three years after the original run closed, Les Misérables began a return to Broadway on 9 November 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre for a limited run that was subsequently made open-ended. Using the set, costumes, performers, and other resources from the recently finished third US national touring production, the production was only slightly altered. Minor changes included colourful projections blended into its existing lighting design, and a proscenium that extended out into the first two boxes on either side of the stage. Some cuts made to the show's prologue during its original Broadway run were restored, lyrics for Gavroche's death scene (known in the revival as "Ten Little Bullets") cut during the development of the original London production were restored, and much of the show was re-orchestrated by Christopher Jahnke, introducing a snare and timpani-heavy sound played by a 14-member band, a reduction of about 8 musicians from the original production's 22 musician orchestration. [ citation needed] The original 2006 Broadway revival cast included Alexander Gemignani as Jean Valjean, Norm Lewis as Javert, Daphne Rubin-Vega as Fantine, Celia Keenan-Bolger as Éponine, Aaron Lazar as Enjolras, Adam Jacobs as Marius, Ali Ewoldt as Cosette, Gary Beach as Thénardier, Jenny Galloway as Madame Thénardier, Brian D’Addario, Jacob Levine, Skye Rainforth and Austyn Myers as Gavroche, and Tess Adams, Kylie Liya Goldstein and Carly Rose Sonenclar as Young Cosette/Young Éponine. The ensemble consisted of Becca Ayers, Daniel Bogart (Combeferre/Bambatosis), Justin Bohon (Joly/Major Domo), Kate Chapman, Nikki Renee Daniels, Karen Elliott (Old Woman/Innkeeper's Wife), Blake Ginther (Feuilly), J. D. Goldblatt (Montparnasse/Pimp/Labourer), Marya Grandy(Crone), Victor Hawks (Brujon), Robert Hunt (Courfeyrac/Foreman), Nehal Joshi (Lesgles/Constable), Jeff Kready (Babet/Constable/Fauchevelant), Doug Kreeger (Jean Prouvaire/Farmer), James Chip Leanord (Bishop/Claquesous), Megan McGinnis, Drew Sarich (Grantaire/Innkeeper), Haviland Stillwell (Factory Girl), and Idara Victor. [41] Lea Salonga, who previously played the role of Éponine in the 10th Anniversary concert, replaced Rubin-Vega as Fantine beginning on 2 March 2007. Zach Rand replaced Jacob Levine as Gavroche on 15 March 2007. Ann Harada replaced Jenny Galloway as Mme. Thénardier on 24 April 2007. Ben Davis joined playing Javert, and Max von Essen playing Enjolras. Ben Crawford and Mandy Bruno joined the cast that day too, playing Brujon and Éponine respectively. On 23 July 2007, Sarich took over the role of Valjean, following Gemignani's departure. On 5 September 2007, it was announced that John Owen-Jones (who was playing Valjean in London) was to join the Broadway cast. In return, Sarich would join the London cast in Owen-Jones' place. Judy Kuhn, who originated the role of Cosette, returned to the show after twenty years as Fantine, succeeding Salonga. The revival closed on 6 January 2008 after 17 previews and 463 performances. [42] 2013 Toronto revival [ edit] A sit down production played at the Princess of Wales Theatre in Toronto, Canada based on the 25th Anniversary touring production. [43] Previews began on 27 September 2013 with the opening night on 9 October. The production closed on 2 February 2014. [44] [45] [46] [47] Co-directed by Lawrence Connor and James Powell, [48] Laurence Olivier Award nominee Ramin Karimloo starred as Jean Valjean; Colm Wilkinson, who originated the role, portrayed the Bishop of Digne in a one-day performance symbolic handing of the torch to Karimloo. [49] [50] He was joined by fellow West End star, Earl Carpenter, who reprised the role of Inspector Javert. [51] Other cast members included Genevieve Leclerc as Fantine, Samantha Hill as Cosette, Melissa O'Neil as Éponine, Perry Sherman as Marius, Cliff Saunders as Monsieur Thénardier, Lisa Horner as Madame Thénardier, and Mark Uhre as Enjolras. [52] The roles of young Cosette and young Éponine were shared by Ella Ballentine, Saara Chaudry and Madison Oldroyd. Gavroche was shared by David Gregory Black and Aiden GlennRead. [53] 2014 Broadway revival [ edit] The show returned to Broadway in March 2014 at the Imperial Theatre with previews beginning 1 March 2014 and had an official opening on 23 March 2014. [54] [55] The creative team included the direction of Laurence Connor and James Powell, set design by Matt Kinley, costumes by Andreane Neofitou and Christine Rowlands, lighting by Paule Constable, sound by Mick Potter and projections by Fifty-Nine Productions. Cameron Mackintosh once again produced the show. On 22 October 2013, it was announced that Ramin Karimloo, Will Swenson, Caissie Levy, and Nikki M. James would be headlining the revival cast as Jean Valjean, Javert, Fantine, and Éponine respectively. [56] Andy Mientus and Samantha Hill also starred as Marius and Cosette respectively. [57] [58] Angeli Negron and McKayla Twiggs share the role of Young Cosette. [59] On 30 August 2015, Karimloo ended his run of the show and was replaced by Alfie Boe. After Boe's final performance on 28 February, the role of Valjean was played by John Owen-Jones beginning 1 March 2016 until the production closed on 4 September 2016, after 1, 026 performances over two-and-a-half years. [60] The revival recouped its entire initial investment and grossed $109 million. [61] The 2014 Broadway revival was nominated for 3 Tony Awards: Best Revival of a Musical, Best Leading Actor in a Musical for Karimloo, and Best Sound Design for Potter. Touring productions [ edit] US national tours [ edit] The show had three national touring companies of the original Broadway production in the US, all of which shared the Broadway producer and manager, creative teams, as well nearly identical sets, costumes, and lighting. While the touring production and the New York production were running simultaneously, the staff, cast members, crew, and musicians of the two productions interchanged often, which contributed to keeping both companies of the show in form. When the New York production closed in 2003, the Third National Tour continued for another three years, and enjoyed the influx of many members from the original and subsequent New York companies. The First National Tour opened at Boston's Shubert Theatre on 12 December 1987, and continued to play major cities until late 1991. The Second National Tour (called "The Fantine Company") opened at Los Angeles' Shubert Theatre on 1 June 1988. The production played for fourteen months then transferred to San Francisco's Curran Theatre where it enjoyed a similar run. The Third National Tour of Les Misérables (called "The Marius Company") was one of the longest running American touring musical productions. Opening on 28 November 1988, at the Tampa Bay Performing Arts Center in Florida, and closing on 23 July 2006, at the Fox Theatre in St. Louis, Missouri, [62] the tour ran for seventeen years and 7, 061 performances. The tour played in 145 cities in 43 states. The same touring company also frequently performed in Canada, made a 1994 diversion to Singapore, and another diversion in 2002 to be the first Western musical production to visit China, opening in Shanghai's Grand Theatre for a three-week engagement. All US productions (including Broadway and its revival) were visually identical in scale and design but the third national tour was notable for its portability without sacrificing the Broadway-caliber experience. Thanks to innovative touring techniques borrowed from the pop/rock concert industry, the 4. 5 million dollar production was adaptable to smaller and larger venues and traveled complete in all of 8 semi tractor trailers. It was set up and ready to go in less than 24 hours and broken down and packed up in about 16 hours. This allowed it to reach many cities and venues in its acclaimed, original Broadway form. A new national tour began on 21 September 2017 at the Providence Performing Arts Centre (PPAC). It starred Nick Cartell as Valjean, Josh Davis as Javert, Melissa Mitchell as Fantine, J. Anthony Crane as Thénardier, Allison Guinn as Madame Thénardier, Joshua Grosso as Marius, Phoenix Best as Éponine, Matt Shingledecker as Enjolras and Jillian Butler as Cosette. The roles of young Cosette and Éponine were shared by Zoe Glick and Sophie Knapp, while the role of Gavroche was shared by Jordan Cole and Julian Lerner. It uses much of the staging and technical work of the 2014 Broadway revival. [63] UK and Ireland tours [ edit] 1992-1993 Tour [ edit] The first tour of the UK and Ireland opened at the Palace Theatre, Manchester 14 April 1992 [64] with Jeff Leyton (Jean Valjean), Philip Quast (Javert, later replaced by Michael McCarthy) [65] Ria Jones (Fantine), Meredith Braun (Éponine), Mike Sterling (Marius, later replaced by Richard Burman), [65] Tony Timberlake (Thénardier), Louise Plowright (Mdme Thénardier), Sarah Ryan (Cosette) and Daniel Coll (Enjolras). [66] [67] The production then moved on to the Point Theatre, Dublin, Ireland, opening 30 June 1993, [68] and then to Playhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland, opening 23 September 1993. [69] 1997-2000 Tour [ edit] In 1997 a second tour began at the Theatre Royal, Plymouth, running from 6 May until 14 June, [70] the cast featured: Stig Rossen (Jean Valjean), Michael McCarthy (Javert), Julia Worsley (Fantine), Gemma Sandy (Éponine), Norman Bowman (Marius), Cameron Blakely (Thénardier), Cathy Breeze (Mdme Thénardier), Rebecca Vere (Cosette) and Mark O'Malley (Enjolras). [71] The tour then continued as detailed in the table below: Venue Date Cast details Birmingham Hippodrome 19 June 1997 to 4 October 1997 [72] The cast remained unchanged from the Plymouth run of the show [73] Opera House, Manchester 9 October 1997 to 20 December 1997 [74] Peter Corry replaced Michael McCarthy as Javert [75] Bristol Hippodrome 29 December 1997 to 28 March 1998 [76] Mayflower Theatre, Southampton 1 April 1998 to 6 June 1998 [77] Alhambra Theatre, Bradford 25 June 1998 to 5 September 1998 [78] John Owen-Jones (Jean Valjean) left the cast two weeks before the end of the show's run at the Alhambra [79] Edinburgh Playhouse 16 September 1998 to 12 December 1998 [80] Jeff Leyton (Jean Valjean), Peter Corry (Javert), Carmen Cusack (Fantine) and Alex Sharpe (Éponine) [81] Liverpool Empire Theatre 16 December 1998 to 20 February 1999 [82] Point Theatre, Dublin 25 February 1999 to 29 May 1999 [83] Colm Wilkinson (Jean Valjean), Michael McCarthy (Javert), Carmen Cusack (Fantine), Alex Sharpe (Éponine), Matt Rawle (Marius), John Kavanagh (Thénardier), Anita Reeves (Mdme Thénardier), Poppy Tierney (Cosette) and David Bardsley (Enjolras) [84] Sheffield Arena 21 May 1999 to 19 June 1999 [85] Alexandra Theatre, Birmingham 2 July 1999 to 9 October 1999 [86] Telewask Arena, Newcastle 15 October 1999 to 13 November 1999 [87] Jeff Leyton (Jean Valjean), Martin Fisher (Javert), Ria Jones (Fantine), Alex Sharpe (Éponine), Adrian Lewis-Morgan (Marius), Jimmy Johnson (Thénardier), Cathy Breeze (Madame Thénardier), Amanda Leigh-Smith (Cosette) and Loren Greeting (Enjolras) [88] 17 November 1999 to 29 January 2000 [89] Palace Theatre, Manchester 2 February 2000 to 25 March 2000 [90] 2018-2020 Tour [ edit] A new UK and Ireland tour (similar to the 25th Anniversary production) began at Curve, Leicester from 3 to 24 November 2018, before touring to the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre, Dublin (5 December to 12 January 2019), Edinburgh Festival Theatre (22 January to 16 February 2019), Palace Theatre, Manchester (19 February to 30 March 2019), Birmingham Hippodrome (2 April to 11 May 2019), Milton Keynes Theatre (14 May to 8 June 2019), Theatre Royal, Plymouth (11 June to 6 July 2019), The Alhambra Theatre, Bradford (9 July to 10 August 2019), Newcastle Theatre Royal (15 August to 5 October 2019), Liverpool Empire (9 to 26 October 2019), Mayflower Theatre, Southampton (29 October to 23 November 2019) and Wales Millennium Centre (26 November 2019 to 4 January 2020). The tour then leaves the UK to play a special engagement in Zürich, Switzerland (21 January to 23 February 2020) before visiting Norwich Theatre Royal (4 March to 4 April 2020), Bristol Hippodrome (7 April to 9 May 2020), The Lowry, Salford (12 to 30 May 2020), Glasgow Theatre Royal (3 to 27 June 2020), Birmingham Hippodrome (30 June to 18 July 2020), Leeds Grand Theatre (23 July to 15 August 2020), Bord Gáis Energy Theatre, Dublin (25 August to 13 September 2020), Marlowe Theatre, Canterbury (25 September to 24 October 2020) and finally Hull New Theatre (28 October to 21 November 2020). The cast featured Killian Donnelly (Jean Valjean), Nic Greenshields (Javert), Katie Hall (Fantine), Tegan Bannister (Éponine), Bronwen Hanson (Cosette), Harry Apps (Marius), Martin Ball (Thénardier), Sophie-Louise Dann (Madame Thénardier) and Will Richardson (Enjolras). [91] The cast for the tour's second year featured Dean Chisnall (Jean Valjean), Nic Greenshields (Javert), Katie Hall (Fantine), Frances Mayli McCann (Éponine), Charlie Burn (Cosette), Felix Mosse (Marius), Ian Hughes (Thénardier), Helen Walsh (Madame Thénardier) and Barnaby Hughes (Enjolras). [92] [93] 25th Anniversary Tour [ edit] A tour to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the show began performances on 12 December 2009, at the Wales Millennium Centre in Cardiff. Differences from the original production included a new set, new costumes, new direction and alterations to the original orchestrations. The tour also did not use a revolving stage and the scenery was inspired by the paintings of Victor Hugo. Locations have included Manchester, Norwich, Birmingham, and Edinburgh. The tour also played a special engagement in Paris. From September through October, the show returned to the Barbican Centre, London, site of the original 1985 production. The tour cast featured John Owen-Jones as Valjean, Earl Carpenter as Javert, Gareth Gates as Marius, Ashley Artus as Thénardier, Lynne Wilmot as Madame Thénardier, Madalena Alberto as Fantine, Rosalind James as Éponine, Jon Robyns as Enjolras, Katie Hall as Cosette (with Samara Clarke as Young Cosette), and David Lawrence as the Bishop of Digne. The tour ended 2 October 2010, at the Barbican. [94] [95] [96] In the fall of 2010, the tour moved to the US with a new company presented by Broadway Across America to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the show opening on Broadway. The tour had its opening on 19 November 2010 at the Paper Mill Playhouse in Millburn, New Jersey, running until 19 December 2010. This tour originally starred Lawrence Clayton as Valjean, Andrew Varela as Javert, Betsy Morgan as Fantine, Jenny Latimer as Cosette, Justin Scott Brown as Marius, Chasten Harmon as Éponine, Michael Kostroff as Thénardier, Shawna Hamic as Madame Thénardier, Jeremy Hays as Enjolras, Josh Caggiano and Ethan Paul Khusidman as Gavroche, Maya Jade Frank and Juliana Simone alternating as Young Cosette and Young Éponine. J. Mark McVey's daughter, Kylie McVey was the understudy for Young Cosette and Young Éponine. Clayton left the tour in April 2011. Ron Sharpe later took over as Valjean until June 2011. Mark McVey was then Valjean (McVey previously played the role on Broadway), but McVey and his daughter left the tour on 1 April 2012. Peter Lockyer replaces him as Valjean. Betsy Morgan left the tour on 2 December 2012. She was replaced by Genevieve Leclerc. The tour ran until 11 August 2013, closing at the Smith Center for the Performing Arts in Las Vegas. The tour's final cast included Peter Lockyer as Valjean, Andrew Varela as Javert, Genevieve Leclerc as Fantine, Lauren Wiley as Cosette, Devin Ilaw as Marius, Briana Carlson-Goodman as Éponine, Timothy Gulan as Thénardier, Shawna Hamic as Madame Thénardier, Jason Forbach as Enjolras, Ava Della Pietra and Erin Cearlock alternating as Little Cosette and Young Eponine, with Mia Sinclair Jenness as Little Girl, [97] [98] In 2011 it was reported that the tour is one of six US national Broadway tours that are grossing over $1, 000, 000 per week. [99] This production of the musical is to replace the original version in the West End in December 2019. 2014 Australian tour [ edit] In mid 2013, a brand new Australian tour was announced, with Simon Gleeson as Valjean, Hayden Tee as Javert, Patrice Tipoki as Fantine, Trevor Ashley and Lara Mulcahy as the Thénardiers, Kerrie Anne Greenland as Éponine, Emily Langridge as Cosette, Euan Doidge as Marius and Chris Durling as Enjolras and Nicholas Cradock as Gavroche. [100] The production premiered on 4 July at Her Majesty's Theatre, Melbourne. [101] Additional stops for the Australian tour included the Crown Theatre in Perth, [102] the Capitol Theatre in Sydney, [103] and the Lyric Theatre QPAC in Brisbane. [104] The Australian revival production transferred to Manila, Philippines in March 2016, becoming an international tour. [105] 2016 International tour [ edit] On 16 September 2015, it was announced that the Australian tour would launch its international tour in Manila, Philippines at the Theatre at Solaire from March 2016 until 1 May 2016, and proceeded to the Esplanade Theatre in Singapore from May 2016. [105] [106] It then had its GCC premiere at the Dubai Opera in Dubai, United Arab Emirates from November 2016. [107] The Manila and Singapore productions featured Simon Gleeson as Valjean, Earl Carpenter as Javert, Helen Walsh as Madame Thénardier, Cameron Blakely as Thénardier, Kerrie Anne Greenland as Éponine, Emily Langridge as Cosette, Chris Durling as Enjolras, and Paul Wilkins as Marius. [108] Rachelle Ann Go played the role of Fantine in the Manila production, and Patrice Tipoki returned the role in the Singapore production after her stint in the original London production. The Dubai production features John Owen-Jones as Valjean, Hayden Tee as Javert, Patrice Tipoki as Fantine, Peter Polycarpou as Thénardier, Jodie Prenger as Madame Thénardier, Carrie Hope Fletcher as Éponine, Alistair Brammer as Enjolras, Emily Langridge as Cosette, and Paul Wilkins as Marius. [109] Concert productions [ edit] 10th Anniversary Concert [ edit] On 8 October 1995, the show celebrated the tenth anniversary of the West End production with a concert at the Royal Albert Hall. This 10th Anniversary Concert was nearly "complete", missing only a handful of scenes, including "The Death of Gavroche", "The Robbery" and the confrontation between Marius and the Thénardiers at the wedding feast. Sir Cameron Mackintosh hand-selected the cast, which became known as the Les Misérables Dream Cast, assembled from around the world, and engaged the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. The concert concluded with seventeen Valjeans from various international productions singing, "Do You Hear the People Sing? " in their native languages. The concert cast included Colm Wilkinson as Jean Valjean, Philip Quast as Javert, Paul Monaghan as the Bishop of Digne, Ruthie Henshall as Fantine, Hannah Chick as Young Cosette, Jenny Galloway as Madame Thénardier, Alun Armstrong as Thénardier, Adam Searles as Gavroche, Michael Maguire as Enjolras, Michael Ball as Marius, Judy Kuhn as Cosette, Lea Salonga as Éponine, and Anthony Crivello as Grantaire. The concert was staged by Ken Caswell and conducted by David Charles Abell. 25th Anniversary Concert [ edit] The 25th Anniversary Concert of the West End production was held at The O2 in North Greenwich, South East London, United Kingdom, on Sunday, 3 October 2010 at 1:30 pm and 7:00 pm. It featured Alfie Boe as Jean Valjean, Norm Lewis as Javert, Lea Salonga as Fantine, Nick Jonas as Marius, Katie Hall as Cosette (in place of Camilla Kerslake, who was unable to attend), Jenny Galloway as Madame Thénardier, Ramin Karimloo as Enjolras, Samantha Barks as Éponine, Matt Lucas as Thénardier, Mia Jenkins as Young Cosette, Robert Madge as Gavroche and Earl Carpenter as the Bishop of Digne. Casts of the current London, international tour, original 1985 London, and several school productions took part, comprising an ensemble of three hundred performers and musicians. The concert was directed by Laurence Connor & James Powell and conducted by David Charles Abell. The All-Star Staged Concert [ edit] From 10 August to 2 December 2019, the musical was performed as a staged concert version at the Gielgud Theatre in the West End during the refurbishment of the adjacent Sondheim Theatre (where the original London production had been running and will be home to the new production from December 2019). Featuring a cast and orchestra of over 65, the 16-week concert run starred Michael Ball as Javert, Alfie Boe as Jean Valjean, Carrie Hope Fletcher as Fantine and Matt Lucas as Thénardier. Katy Secombe also starred as Madame Thénardier and John Owen-Jones played Jean Valjean for some performances during the run. Furthers leads included Rob Houchen (Marius), Bradley Jaden (Enjolras), Shan Ako (Eponine) and Lily Kerhoas (Cosette). Earl Carpenter also played the dual role of The Bishop/Bamatabois, while understudying Javert. The final concert was filmed and broadcast live to cinemas on 2 December, with a home video, album release and tour planned. [110] Other concert performances [ edit] The musical has also been performed in concert at Cardiff Castle and several venues in southern England, produced by Earl Carpenter Concerts. A concert version starring Jeff Leyton was also performed at the Odyssey Arena, Belfast. In 1989, a one-night concert performance was performed at SkyDome, Toronto, and the largest concert production attracted an audience of approximately 125, 000 as part of the Australia Day celebrations in Sydney's Domain Park. The Scandinavian concert tour, produced by Cameron Mackintosh in association with Noble Art, starred Danish musical icon Stig Rossen in the leading role and commemorated author Victor Hugo's 200th birthday. Venues on the tour included the Stockholm Globe Arena, Oslo Spektrum, the Helsinki Hartwell Areena, and the Gothenburg Scandinavium, with audiences totalling over 150, 000 for the complete tour. In November 2004, to celebrate the centennial of the Entente Cordiale, the Queen invited the cast of Les Misérables in the West End to perform for French President Jacques Chirac at Windsor Castle. It was the first time the cast of a West End musical had performed at a Royal residence. The cast was the same as in the West End, supplemented by several guest singers and a choir of former performers. The part of Jean Valjean was played by Michael Ball – the original 1985 London and 1995 Dream Cast Marius – and the part of Javert was played by Michael McCarthy. In February 2008, Les Misérables was performed at the Bournemouth International Centre, England with a cast of West End stars accompanied by the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra. In August 2008, a concert version, directed by Richard Jay-Alexander, was performed at the Hollywood Bowl. The cast included veteran Les Misérables star J. Mark McVey as Valjean, The Office star Melora Hardin as Fantine, Broadway star and Bowl veteran Brian Stokes Mitchell as Javert, Spring Awakening and Glee star Lea Michele as Éponine, Tony-winning Jersey Boys star John Lloyd Young as Marius, West End star Tom Lowe as Enjolras, Michael McCormick as Thénardier, Ruth Williamson as Madame Thénardier, Michele Maika as Cosette, Maddie Levy as Young Cosette, and Sage Ryan as Gavroche. In September 2008, it was performed at the St John Loveridge Hall in Guernsey with a cast of West End performers—the first time that it had been professionally performed on the Island where Victor Hugo wrote the novel. Former London Valjean Phil Cavill reprised his role alongside Les Misérables veteran Michael McCarthy as Javert. In March 2009, the Guernsey production was remounted at Fort Regent in Jersey; and in July 2009, the musical was performed in concert at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. International productions [ edit] The show has been produced in forty-two countries and translated into twenty-one languages: English, French (original and re-translated), German (Austria and Germany), Spanish (five versions: two from Spain, two from Mexico, and one from Argentina), Japanese, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk), Polish, Swedish (in Sweden and in Finland), Dutch (Netherlands and Belgium), Danish, Finnish, Brazilian Portuguese, Estonian, Czech, Mauritian Creole, Basque, Catalan and Korean. Including singles and promos, there have been over seventy official recordings from worldwide productions. [111] The first full West End / Broadway production in Europe (mainland) was set up in Oslo, Norway at Det Norske Teatret and opened on 17 March 1988. [112] The production was in Norwegian and starred Norwegian singer/actor Øystein Wiik as Jean Valjean, Paul Åge Johannessen as Javert, Øivind Blunck as Thénardier, Kari Gjærum as Fantine, Amund Enger as Enjolras and Guri Schanke as Éponine. The first Oslo production was hugely successful and some 10% of Norway's entire population saw the show in the first 6 months. Øystein Wiik went on to also star as Jean Valjean in the productions in Vienna and London in 1989–1990. The stage show, which had changed so significantly since its Parisian conception as a stadium concert in 1980, was only translated back into the language of Victor Hugo for its French world première in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in 1991. This production had a cast that presented five shows a week in French and three a week in English. Regional productions [ edit] In September 2008, a mini-tour produced by Atlanta's Theater of the Stars played Eisenhower Hall at the United States Military Academy, [113] [ failed verification] in West Point, New York; the Filene Center at the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts in Vienna, Virginia; Kansas City Starlight Theatre; and the Fox Theater in Atlanta. The show featured a new set of original pictures painted by Victor Hugo himself. Robert Evan played Valjean, returning to the role he played in the mid-nineties on Broadway. Also featured were Nikki Rene Daniels as Fantine and Robert Hunt as Javert, both reprising their roles from the Broadway revival. Fred Hanson directed the production. The creative team included Matt Kinley as Scenic Designer, Ken Billington as Lighting Designer, Peter Fitzgerald and Erich Bechtel as Sound Designers, Zachary Borovay as Projection Designer, and Dan Riddle as Musical Director and Conductor. [114] In 2008, the Signature Theatre in Arlington, Virginia staged a small venue "black box" version of the play. Signature received Mackintosh's special permission for the production: "One of the great pleasures of being involved with the creation of Les Misérables is seeing this marvelous musical being done in a completely different and original way. Having seen many shows brilliantly reimagined at Signature I have no doubt that Eric and his team will come up with a revolutionary new take on Les Miz unlike anything anyone has seen before. Viva la différence! " [115] The production officially opened on 14 December 2008 (after previews from 2 December), and ran through 22 February 2009 (extended from 25 January 2009). [116] [117] A 2014 production at the Dallas Theater Center modernized the staging in a way rarely attempted in productions of this play, set visually in the modern-day United States rather than 1830s France. The concept was thought to be refreshing as a change from typical production styles and effective as a commentary on modern inequality. Though, much controversy surrounded their unauthorized depart from the authors' libretto and score. [118] [119] In Panama, Les Misérables was staged in 2014 in Spanish at the famed National Theatre of Panama for a short, sold-out run, directed by Aaron Zebede. [120] School edition [ edit] The school edition cuts a considerable amount of material from the original show. It is divided into thirty scenes and, although no critical scenes or songs have been removed, it runs 25–30 minutes shorter than the official version making the total running time about ​ 2 1 ⁄ 2 hours. [121] A few subtle changes of vocal pitch have been made: "What Have I Done? ", Valjean's Soliloquy, "Stars" by Javert, "A Little Fall of Rain" by Éponine and Marius, "Turning", and "Castle on a Cloud" lose a verse each. During "Fantine's Arrest" Bamatabois loses two verses. The song "Fantine's Death/Confrontation" is edited, and the counterpoint duel between Javert and Valjean is lost, as well as a verse by Fantine. "Dog Eats Dog" by Thénardier is heavily truncated. "Beggars at the Feast", is shortened, with Thénardier losing a verse, and the song before it, "Wedding Chorale", is excluded entirely although the rest of the wedding remains in place. Also, the drinker's introduction to "Master of the House" is cut completely. [122] Film adaptation [ edit] Although numerous films of the Les Misérables story have been made, no film adaptation of the stage musical was produced for many years. A film adaptation was in development at several times since the late 1980s. Alan Parker was reported to be connected to an adaptation at an early stage. [123] In 1992 Mackintosh announced planning for a film to be directed by Bruce Beresford and co-produced by TriStar Pictures, [124] but the project was later abandoned. [125] The 2010 DVD/Blu-ray release of Les Misérables: 25th Anniversary Concert included an announcement of revised plans for a film adaptation [126] which was later confirmed by Mackintosh. Tom Hooper signed on in March 2011 to direct the Mackintosh-produced film from a screenplay by William Nicholson. [127] In June 2011, Working Title Films and Mackintosh announced that the film would begin principal photography in early 2012 for a tentative December release date. The film was given its general US release on Christmas Day 2012. [128] Principal cast members include Hugh Jackman as Jean Valjean, Russell Crowe as Javert, [129] Anne Hathaway as Fantine, [130] Amanda Seyfried as Cosette, [131] Eddie Redmayne as Marius, [132] Samantha Barks as Éponine, [133] Aaron Tveit as Enjolras, and Sacha Baron Cohen and Helena Bonham Carter as the Thénardiers. [134] [135] Other notable actors who played roles in the film include Bertie Carvel as Bamatabois, Colm Wilkinson as the Bishop of Digne, Hadley Fraser as the army general and Frances Ruffelle as a prostitute. [136] Cast recordings [ edit] English [ edit] The following recordings of Les Misérables are available in English: the Original London Cast, the Original Broadway Cast, the Complete Symphonic Recording, the 10th Anniversary London Concert, The 25th Anniversary UK Tour Cast and The 25th Anniversary London Concert. Original London Cast recording [ edit] The Original London Cast recording was the first English language album of the musical. Recorded in 1985, when the show premiered, it is closest to the original French concept album. For example, "Stars" appears before "Look Down" and shortly after, the original version of "Little People" plays, which was later incorporated into the revealing of Javert. It also features a song titled "I Saw Him Once", sung by Cosette, which was later incorporated into the first part of "In My Life". The album has sold 887, 000 copies in the US. [137] The cast includes Colm Wilkinson as Valjean, Roger Allam as Javert, Patti LuPone as Fantine, Alun Armstrong as Thénardier, Susan Jane Tanner as Mme. Thénardier, Frances Ruffelle as Éponine, Ian Tucker as Gavroche, Michael Ball as Marius, David Burt as Enjolras, Rebecca Caine as Cosette and Zoë Hart as Young Cosette. [138] Original Broadway Cast recording [ edit] The Original Broadway Cast recording was produced in 1987. It included several changes to the songs that are still evident in today's performances. As with its predecessor, it is incomplete, and leaves out songs or parts that are more important narratively than musically (e. g., "Fantine's Arrest", "The Runaway Cart", "The Final Battle"). The album has sold 1, 596, 000 copies in the US. [137] The cast includes Colm Wilkinson as Valjean, Terrence Mann as Javert, Randy Graff as Fantine, Leo Burmester as Thénardier, Jennifer Butt as Madame Thénardier, Frances Ruffelle as Éponine, Braden Danner as Gavroche, David Bryant as Marius, Judy Kuhn as Cosette, Michael Maguire as Enjolras, and Donna Vivino as Young Cosette. [139] [140] [ citation needed] Complete Symphonic Recording [ edit] Recorded in 1988 and released in 1989, the Complete Symphonic Recording features the entire score. (The Czech Revival Recording is the only other album, in any language, to feature the entire score; on the other hand, the four 2003 Japanese recordings feature the entire score after the cuts first made on Broadway at the end of 2000. ) Cameron Mackintosh's original plan was to use the Australian cast, [141] but the scope was expanded to create an international cast featuring performers from the major performances of the musical. The cast was recorded in three different places. [142] The album, produced by David Caddick and conducted by Martin Koch, won the Best Musical Cast Show Album Grammy Award in 1990. [143] The cast includes Gary Morris as Valjean, Philip Quast as Javert, Debra Byrne as Fantine, Gay Soper as Mme. Thénardier, Barry James as Thénardier, Kaho Shimada as Éponine, Ross McCall as Gavroche, Michael Ball as Marius, Anthony Warlow as Enjolras, Tracy Shayne as Cosette and Marissa Dunlop as Young Cosette. [144] The 10th Anniversary recording was of a concert version of Les Misérables, performed at the Royal Albert Hall in October 1995, featuring full orchestra and choir. All parts were sung live, giving the performance a different mood from other recording. The score was recorded consecutively without pauses or multiple recordings. The concert's encores are also included. As with the original recordings, however, they differed from the stage versions by excluding some songs (e. g., those vital to plot such as "Fantine's Arrest" and "The Runaway Cart" were kept, while unnecessary or complex songs, such as "At the Barricade", were left out). The cast includes Colm Wilkinson as Valjean, Philip Quast as Javert, Ruthie Henshall as Fantine, Alun Armstrong as Thénardier, Jenny Galloway as Mme. Thénardier, Lea Salonga as Éponine, Adam Searles as Gavroche, Hannah Chick as Young Cosette, Michael Ball as Marius, Michael Maguire as Enjolras, Judy Kuhn as Cosette and Anthony Crivello as Grantaire. Manchester Highlights [ edit] A five-track album featuring members of the UK national tour was released in 1992 and includes "I Dreamed a Dream" (Ria Jones); "Stars" (Philip Quast); "On My Own" (Meredith Braun); "Bring Him Home" (Jeff Leyton); and "Empty Chairs at Empty Tables" (Mike Sterling). [67] The version of "Stars" is the same as that on the Complete Symphonic Recording. 25th Anniversary UK Tour Cast [ edit] Recorded live at the Palace Theatre in Manchester, this recording was released to commemorate 25 years of Les Misérables in English. This recording featured new arrangements and reinspired orchestrations, and included John Owen-Jones as Valjean, Earl Carpenter as Javert, Madalena Alberto as Fantine, Ashley Artus as M. Thénardier, Lynne Wilmot as Mme. Thénardier, Gareth Gates as Marius, Katie Hall as Cosette, Samara Clarke as Young Cosette, Jon Robyns as Enjolras, and Rosalind James as Éponine. The 25th Anniversary Concert was recorded live at The O2 Arena on 3 October 2010 and is available on DVD in the UK while the Blu-ray was released worldwide. It was shown in select US theaters via NCM Fathom Events. The release for the DVD and Blu-ray in the United States was 22 February 2011 to promote the film adaptation. A CD single of the 'Valjean Quartet' singing "Bring Him Home" was also recorded and released, with proceeds going to the charity "Tickets For Troops". The cast included Alfie Boe as Jean Valjean, Norm Lewis as Javert, Nick Jonas as Marius, Samantha Barks as Éponine, Katie Hall as Cosette, Ramin Karimloo as Enjolras, Hadley Fraser as Grantaire, Lea Salonga as Fantine, Matt Lucas as Monsieur Thénardier and Jenny Galloway as Madame Thénardier. Other languages [ edit] There are also various non-English language cast albums of the musical. [ citation needed] 1980 Original French concept album 1987 Original Israeli cast 1988 Original Hungarian cast 1988 Original Vienna cast 1990 Original Swedish cast 1991 Original Dutch cast 1991 Paris revival cast 1992 Original Danish cast 1992 Original Czech cast 1993 Original Spanish cast 1994 Japanese "blue" cast 1994 Japanese "red" cast 1996 Original Duisburg cast 1996 Swedish Värmland cast 1998 Original Antwerp cast 2003 Japanese "orange" cast 2003 Japanese "green" cast 2003 Japanese "light blue" cast 2003 Japanese "violet" cast 2003 Czech revival cast 2008 Dutch revival cast 2008 Le Capitole de Québec cast 2010 Polish revival cast 2010 Spanish 25th anniversary production cast 2011 Czech cast 2017 French concert cast Awards and nominations [ edit] Original West End production [ edit] Year Award Category Nominee Result 1985 Laurence Olivier Award Best New Musical Nominated Best Actor in a Musical Best Actress in a Musical Won 2012 Laurence Olivier Award [145] Audience Award for Most Popular Show 2014 Laurence Olivier Award [146] 1987 Tony Award Best Musical Best Book of a Musical Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg Best Original Score Claude-Michel Schönberg (music) and Herbert Kretzmer & Alain Boublil (lyrics) Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Best Direction of a Musical Trevor Nunn and John Caird Best Scenic Design John Napier Best Costume Design Andreane Neofitou Best Lighting Design David Hersey Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Outstanding Actor in a Musical Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Outstanding Orchestrations John Cameron Outstanding Music Claude-Michel Schönberg Outstanding Set Design Dora Award [147] [148] Outstanding Production Outstanding Male Performance Mark Uhre Aiden Glenn Outstanding Female Performance Melissa O'Neil Outstanding Direction Laurence Connor and James Powell Outstanding Scenic Design Matt Kinley Outstanding Costume Design Andreane Neofitou and Christine Rowland Outstanding Lighting Design Paule Constable Outstanding Choreography James Dodgson Outstanding Ensemble Entire ensemble Best Revival of a Musical Best Sound Design of a Musical Mick Potter Outstanding Revival of a Musical 2014 Australian revival [ edit] Green Room Awards Production Actor in a Leading Role Simon Gleeson Hayden Tee Direction James Powell and Laurence Connor Musical Direction Geoffrey Castles Design (Lighting) Design (Sound) Design (Set and Costume) Matt Kinley (Set and Image Design) 2015 Helpmann Awards [149] [150] Best Male Actor in a Musical Best Male Actor in a Supporting Role in a Musical Trevor Ashley Chris Durling Best Female Actor in a Musical Patrice Tipoki Best Female Actor in a Supporting Role in a Musical Kerrie Anne Greenland Best Choreography in a Musical Michael Ashcroft and Geoffrey Garratt Best Sound Design See also [ edit] Lists of musicals References [ edit] ^ Behr, Edward (1993). 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"Another Day, Another Destiny: 'Intimate' Les Miz Opens in VA Dec. 14". Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ Jones, Kenneth (18 December 2008). "Intimate Les Miz Gets Good Reviews in DC and Extends". Archived from the original on 17 April 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011. ^ Lowry, Mark (10 July 2014). "Theater review: 'Les Miserables ' ".. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. ^ Churnin, Nancy (6 July 2014). "In Dallas and Hong Kong: "Do you hear the people sing? " ". Dallas Morning News. ^ "Aplausos a la puesta de 'Los miserables ' ". La Prensa. 23 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014. ^ "Les Misérables School Edition". Archived from the original on 19 December 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2011. ^ "Music Theatre International: Licensing Musical Theater Theatrical Performance Rights and Materials to Schools, Community and Professional Theatres since 1952". Retrieved 2 December 2014. ^ Schaefer, Stephen (18 October 1991). Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 6 March 2011. ^ "Cameron Mackintosh's Production of Les Misérables Celebrates Its 2, 000th Performance on Thursday, March 5 and Its Fifth Anniversary" (Press release). 12 February 1992. Archived from the original on 23 October 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2011. ^ "Les Miserables Hits Hollywood".. 2 October 2005. Retrieved 6 March 2011. ^ Les Misérables in Concert: The 25th Anniversary (Blu-Ray). London, England: Universal Pictures. 29 November 2010. Coming Soon – Universal Pictures proudly announce the musical motion picture of Les Misérables: A Working Title-Cameron Mackintosh Film ^ "Hooper to direct 'Les Miserables ' ". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. ^ Bamigboye, Baz (16 June 2011). "Miss Daisy hits the West End". The Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ Jones, Kenneth (9 September 2011). "Hugh Jackman Is Russell Crowe's Quarry in Les Misérables Film". Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ "Cameron Mackintosh Confirms Anne Hathaway for Les MIsérables Film". Broadway World. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ MacKenzie, Carina Adly (3 January 2012). "Taylor Swift, Amanda Seyfried get 'Les Misérables' gigs over Lea Michele". Zap2it. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (1 November 2011). "Eddie Redmayne lands 'Les Misérables' role". Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ Dunn, Carrie (31 January 2012). "Breaking News: Samantha Barks To Play Eponine in Les Misérables Movie". Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ Jones, Kenneth (9 February 2012). "Mistress of the House: Helena Bonham Carter Will Be Madame Thénardier in Les Miz Movie". Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ Jones, Kenneth (16 March 2012). "Sacha Baron Cohen, Daniel Evans, Linzi Hateley and More Confirmed for "Les Miz" Film". Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ "Miz Film: It's official! Aaron Tveit is confirmed to join the cast... " Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. ^ a b Paul Grein (9 January 2012). "Week Ending Jan. 6, 2013. Albums: Les Miz Takes Broadway To The Top". Yahoo Music (Chart Watch). ^ " 'Les Misérables' (Original London Cast)", retrieved 15 June 2019 ^ " 'Les Misérables' Original Broadway Cast", retrieved 15, 2019 ^ Gans, Andrew. "Decca Broadway to Release Les Miz Highlights" Playbill, 21 January 2003 ^ "Complete Symphonic Recording". Retrieved 7 July 2007. [ unreliable source? ] ^ "Les Misérables [Relativity Complete Symphonic Recording]". 2006. Retrieved 24 March 2007. [ unreliable source? ] ^ "Grammy Awards 1990 (33rd Annual)", retrieved 15 June 2019 ^ " "les Miserable' Complete Symphonic Recording", retrieved 15 June 2019 ^ Shenton, Mark (15 April 2012). "Matilda – the Musical Sweeps Olivier Awards; Benedict Cumberbatch, Jonny Lee Miller Are Also Winners". Retrieved 4 November 2012. ^ "OLIVIERS 2014: The Full List Of Winners And Nominees! ". 13 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014. ^ Alan Henry (2 June 2014). "Ramin Karimloo Receives Toronto Dora Award Nomination; LES MISERABLES Earns a Total of 11 Nominations". Broadway World. ^ Dora Awards 2014: A List Of All The Winners! broadwayworld, retrieved 18 July 2014. ^ Cuthberson, Debbie; Rugendyke, Louise (22 June 2015). "Helpmann Awards 2015 nominations: Opera Australia dominates as Les Miserables leads charge for musicals". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 June 2015. ^ "2015 Nominees". Helpmann Awards. Retrieved 29 June 2015. Les Miserables Reviews Box Office Theatre Ltd. Retrieved 12 July 2016 External links [ edit] Official website Les Misérables at the Internet Broadway Database An Archive of Performers from the Original Broadway Run of Les Misérables An Archive of Performers from the London Run of Les Misérables Awards for Les Misérables v t e Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical The Wiz (1975) A Chorus Line (1976) Annie (1977) Ain't Misbehavin' (1978) Sweeney Todd (1979) Evita (1980) The Pirates of Penzance (1981) Nine (1982) Little Shop of Horrors (1983) Sunday in the Park with George (1984) (no award) (1985) The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1986) Les Miserables (1987) Into the Woods (1988) Jerome Robbins' Broadway (1989) City of Angels (1990) The Secret Garden (1991) Crazy for You (1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman (1993) Passion (1994) Show Boat (1995) Rent (1996) The Life (1997) Ragtime (1998) Parade (1999) Contact (2000) The Producers (2001) Thoroughly Modern Millie (2002) Hairspray (2003) Wicked (2004) Spamalot (2005) The Drowsy Chaperone (2006) Spring Awakening (2007) Passing Strange (2008) Billy Elliot the Musical (2009) Memphis (2010) The Book of Mormon (2011) Once (2012) Matilda the Musical (2013) A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder (2014) Hamilton (2015) Shuffle Along (2016) Come from Away (2017) SpongeBob SquarePants (2018) The Prom (2019) v t e Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album 1959–1979 The Music Man (1959) Gypsy / Redhead (1960) The Sound of Music (1961) How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1962) No Strings (1963) She Loves Me (1964) Funny Girl (1965) On a Clear Day You Can See Forever (1966) Mame (1967) Cabaret (1968) Hair (1969) Promises, Promises (1970) Company (1971) Godspell (1972) Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope (1973) A Little Night Music (1974) Raisin (1975) The Wiz (1976) Bubbling Brown Sugar (1977) Annie (1978) Ain't Misbehavin' (1979) 1980–2000 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1980) Evita: Premier American Recording (1981) Lena Horne: The Lady and Her Music (1982) Dreamgirls: Original Broadway Cast Album (1983) Cats: Complete Original Broadway Cast Recording (1984) Sunday in the Park with George (1985) West Side Story (1986) Follies in Concert (1987) Les Misérables (1988) Into the Woods (1989) Jerome Robbins' Broadway (1990) Les Misérables: The Complete Symphonic Recording (1991) The Will Rogers Follies (1992) Guys and Dolls (1993) The Who's Tommy (1994) Passion (1995) Smokey Joe's Cafe: The Songs Of Leiber And Stoller (1996) Riverdance (1997) Chicago: The Musical (1998) The Lion King (1999) Annie Get Your Gun (2000) 2001–present Elton John and Tim Rice's Aida (2001) The Producers (2002) Gypsy: A Musical Fable (2004) Wicked (2005) Monty Python's Spamalot (2006) Jersey Boys (2007) Spring Awakening (2008) In the Heights (2009) West Side Story (2010) American Idiot (featuring Green Day) (2011) The Book of Mormon (2012) Once: A New Musical (2013) Kinky Boots (2014) Beautiful: The Carole King Musical (2015) Hamilton (2016) The Color Purple (2017) Dear Evan Hansen (2018) The Band's Visit (2019) Hadestown (2020) v t e Helpmann Award for Best Musical The Boy from Oz (2001) Mamma Mia! (2002) Cabaret (2003) The Lion King (2004) The Producers (2005) The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee (2006) Keating! (2007) Billy Elliot the Musical (2008) Wicked (2009) Jersey Boys (2010) Mary Poppins (2011) A Chorus Line (2012) Legally Blonde (2013) The King and I (2014) Les Misérables (2015) Matilda the Musical (2016) The Book of Mormon (2017) Beautiful: The Carole King Musical (2018) Barbara and the Camp Dogs (2019) v t e Laurence Olivier Audience Award for Most Popular Show The Phantom of the Opera (2002) Wicked (2010) We Will Rock You (2011) Les Misérables (2012) Billy Elliot the Musical (2013) Les Misérables (2014) Wicked (2015) The Phantom of the Opera (2016) v t e Tony Award for Best Musical 1949–1975 Kiss Me, Kate (1949) South Pacific (1950) Guys and Dolls (1951) The King and I (1952) Wonderful Town (1953) Kismet (1954) The Pajama Game (1955) Damn Yankees (1956) My Fair Lady (1957) The Music Man (1958) Redhead (1959) The Sound of Music / Fiorello! (1960) Bye Bye Birdie (1961) A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1963) Hello, Dolly! (1964) Fiddler on the Roof (1965) Man of La Mancha (1966) Cabaret (1967) Hallelujah, Baby! (1968) 1776 (1969) Applause (1970) Two Gentlemen of Verona (1972) A Little Night Music (1973) Raisin (1974) 1976–2000 Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (1979) 42nd Street (1981) Cats (1983) La Cage aux Folles (1984) Big River (1985) Drood (1986) Les Misérables (1987) The Phantom of the Opera (1988) The Will Rogers Follies (1991) Sunset Boulevard (1995) Titanic (1997) The Lion King (1998) Fosse (1999) Avenue Q (2004) Monty Python's Spamalot (2005) Jersey Boys (2006) In the Heights (2008) Kinky Boots (2013) Fun Home (2015) Dear Evan Hansen (2017) The Band's Visit (2018) Hadestown (2019) v t e Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical 1950–1975 South Pacific by Oscar Hammerstein II and Joshua Logan (1950) Hello, Dolly! by Michael Stewart (1964) Fiddler on the Roof by Joseph Stein (1965) Company by George Furth (1971) Two Gentlemen of Verona by John Guare and Mel Shapiro (1972) A Little Night Music by Hugh Wheeler (1973) Candide by Hugh Wheeler (1974) Shenandoah by James Lee Barrett, Peter Udell and Philip Rose (1975) A Chorus Line by James Kirkwood Jr. and Nicholas Dante (1976) Annie by Thomas Meehan (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Betty Comden and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd by Hugh Wheeler (1979) Evita by Tim Rice (1980) Woman of the Year by Peter Stone (1981) Dreamgirls by Tom Eyen (1982) Cats by T. Eliot (1983) La Cage aux Folles by Harvey Fierstein (1984) Big River by William Hauptman (1985) Drood by Rupert Holmes (1986) Les Misérables by Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg (1987) Into the Woods by James Lapine (1988) No Award (1989) City of Angels by Larry Gelbart (1990) The Secret Garden by Marsha Norman (1991) Falsettos by William Finn and James Lapine (1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by Terrence McNally (1993) Passion by James Lapine (1994) Sunset Boulevard by Don Black and Christopher Hampton (1995) Rent by Jonathan Larson (1996) Titanic by Peter Stone (1997) Ragtime by Terrence McNally (1998) Parade by Alfred Uhry (1999) James Joyce's The Dead by Richard Nelson (2000) The Producers by Mel Brooks and Thomas Meehan (2001) Urinetown by Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Thomas Meehan and Mark O'Donnell (2003) Avenue Q by Jeff Whitty (2004) The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee by Rachel Sheinkin (2005) The Drowsy Chaperone by Bob Martin and Don McKellar (2006) Spring Awakening by Steven Sater (2007) Passing Strange by Stew (2008) Billy Elliot the Musical by Lee Hall (2009) Memphis by Joe DiPietro (2010) The Book of Mormon by Trey Parker, Robert Lopez and Matt Stone (2011) Once by Enda Walsh (2012) Matilda the Musical by Dennis Kelly (2013) A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder by Robert L. Freedman (2014) Fun Home by Lisa Kron (2015) Hamilton by Lin-Manuel Miranda (2016) Dear Evan Hansen by Steven Levenson (2017) The Band's Visit by Itamar Moses (2018) Tootsie by Robert Horn (2019) v t e Tony Award for Best Original Score 1947–1975 Street Scene by Kurt Weill (1947) Kiss Me, Kate by Cole Porter (1949) South Pacific by Richard Rodgers (1950) Call Me Madam by Irving Berlin (1951) No Strings by Richard Rodgers (1962) Oliver! by Lionel Bart (1963) Hello, Dolly! by Jerry Herman (1964) Fiddler on the Roof by Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick (1965) Man of La Mancha by Mitch Leigh and Joe Darion (1966) Cabaret by John Kander and Fred Ebb (1967) Hallelujah, Baby! by Jule Styne, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1968) Company by Stephen Sondheim (1971) Follies by Stephen Sondheim (1972) A Little Night Music by Stephen Sondheim (1973) Gigi by Frederick Loewe and Alan Jay Lerner (1974) The Wiz by Charlie Smalls (1975) A Chorus Line by Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban (1976) Annie by Charles Strouse and Martin Charnin (1977) On the Twentieth Century by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1978) Sweeney Todd by Stephen Sondheim (1979) Evita by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice (1980) Woman of the Year by John Kander and Fred Ebb (1981) Nine by Maury Yeston (1982) Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber and T. Eliot (1983) La Cage aux Folles by Jerry Herman (1984) Big River by Roger Miller (1985) Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg, Herbert Kretzmer, and Alain Boublil (1987) Into the Woods by Stephen Sondheim (1988) City of Angels by Cy Coleman and David Zippel (1990) The Will Rogers Follies by Cy Coleman, Betty Comden, and Adolph Green (1991) Falsettos by William Finn (1992) Kiss of the Spider Woman by John Kander and Fred Ebb / The Who's Tommy by Pete Townshend (1993) Passion by Stephen Sondheim (1994) Sunset Boulevard by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Don Black, and Christopher Hampton (1995) Titanic by Maury Yeston (1997) Ragtime by Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens (1998) Parade by Jason Robert Brown (1999) Aida by Elton John and Tim Rice (2000) The Producers by Mel Brooks (2001) Urinetown by Mark Hollmann and Greg Kotis (2002) Hairspray by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman (2003) Avenue Q by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx (2004) The Light in the Piazza by Adam Guettel (2005) The Drowsy Chaperone by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison (2006) Spring Awakening by Duncan Sheik and Steven Sater (2007) In the Heights by Lin-Manuel Miranda (2008) Next to Normal by Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey (2009) Memphis by David Bryan and Joe DiPietro (2010) Newsies by Alan Menken and Jack Feldman (2012) Kinky Boots by Cyndi Lauper (2013) The Bridges of Madison County by Jason Robert Brown (2014) Fun Home by Jeanine Tesori and Lisa Kron (2015) Dear Evan Hansen by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017) The Band's Visit by David Yazbek (2018) Hadestown by Anaïs Mitchell (2019).

这个视频必须选择720p及以上高清观看才比较清晰. BLOODY AWESOMENESS. D. Encore. Riverdance 25th anniversary music from the show. Riverdance 25th Anniversary shower. Riverdance 25th anniversary show schedule.

Wait till you see the one legged river dancers for action

I was blessed to see this masterpiece with my late Mom in Auckland, New Zealand and to this day remember all of it. The entire venue was a boiling cauldron. People were on their feet during the mass performances. No one could sit still. Both my Mom and I were grinning from ear to ear till our cheeks hurt. It was so so good. Bravo and thank you so much to all of you wonderful beings who brought so much joy to so many! ❤❤❤.

Riverdance 25th Anniversary shows.


Riverdance 25th Anniversary show www. Riverdance 25th Anniversary show. Pretty sure she's miming. Riverdance 25th anniversary late late show. Absolutely stunning performance. My familiy's eyes were locked on throughout this incredible, blow your socks off dance. Would love to see these incredible guys soon xxx.

But will that come in handy when we are fighting the Aliens. Still amazing after all these years. Michael Flatley was the best. It wan't the same when he went. Riverdance 25th anniversary show youtube. Riverdance new 25th anniversary show. Riverdance 25th anniversary show. Riverdance 25th anniversary show toronto. WOW. I smiled so hard my face hurts. I clapped at home when they were done each pieces. I had goosebumps! Absolutely beautiful! Such talent.

Simply superb. Riverdance 25th anniversary show trailer.

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Riverdance 25th Anniversary show blog. Riverdance 25th anniversary show run time.

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Ellen! xoxoxoxox. Riverdance the new 25th anniversary show. Just saw Dangerous Games as a gift from my 4 kids. I saw Michael Flatley 19 years ago and LOVED his show. This show I was very disappointed that he only appears at the last 15 min. If I had known that I never would have hinted that I wanted to see the show. He is still amazing and the show was great but I felt deceived. Riverdance 25th Anniversary showroom. Riverdance 25th anniversary show cast. Riverdance 25th anniversary show length. Riverdance 25th anniversary show reviews. Riverdance 25th Anniversary show must.

I love a mix of hard and soft shoe. Riverdance 25th anniversary show tickets. Magnificent everytime I watch him. He's the best love him!♥️. Riverdance, as you’ve never seen it before! A powerful and stirring reinvention of this beloved favorite, celebrated the world over for its Grammy award-winning score and the thrilling energy and passion of its Irish and international dance. Twenty-five years on, composer Bill Whelan has rerecorded his mesmerizing soundtrack while producer Moya Doherty and director John McColgan have completely reimagined the ground-breaking show with innovative and spectacular lighting, projection, stage and costume designs. Immerse yourself in the extraordinary power and grace of its music and dance–beloved by fans of all ages. Fall in love with the magic of Riverdance all over again. For over 25 years, nothing has carried the energy, the sensuality and the spectacle of Riverdance. Riverdance began its journey as the interval act in the 1994 Eurovision Song Contest, produced for television by Moya Doherty. This electrifying and innovative seven minute dance piece was then developed into a full-length stage show by Producer Moya Doherty, Composer Bill Whelan and Director John McColgan. With its fusion of Irish and International music and dance, the show broke all box office records during its world première run in Dublin in early 1995. When the show transferred to London the reaction was unprecedented. There followed a hugely successful tour starting in New York in March 1996, where 8 sold-out shows at Radio City Music Hall heralded the start of two decades of touring by Riverdance companies throughout North America. Since its inception Riverdance has packed theatres throughout North America, Oceania, Asia, Europe, South Africa and South America. Venue Information Belk Theater Belk Theater features state-of-the-art equipment, production and support capabilities and can host any event, from grand opera to rock to corporate annual meetings and lectures. The theater features a contemporary European horseshoe arrangement for an intimate atmosphere and world-class acoustics. The most distant seat is less than 135 feet from the stage. A hallmark of the theater’s design is some 2, 400 “points of light” in the audience chamber, part of a dazzling fiber optic network with multi-color capabilities. Renowned architect Cesar Pelli designed the Performing Arts Center, which opened in 1992, as well as the adjacent Bank of America Corporate Center and Founders Hall. The Center’s name honors the contributions of the people of the state of North Carolina as well as the generosity of the Blumenthal Foundation, the largest private donor to the capital campaign.

Riverdance, as you’ve never seen or heard it before! A powerful and stirring reinvention of this beloved favorite, celebrated the world-over for its Grammy Award-winning score and the excitement, energy and dynamism of its Irish and international dance. Twenty-five years on, renowned composer Bill Whelan brings this mesmerizing soundtrack back to life, completely revitalized for the first time since those original orchestral recordings. Producer Moya Doherty and director John McColgan have produced an amazing new 25 th anniversary production with innovative and spectacular lighting, projection, staging and costume design, and an all-new finale number that will blow audiences away. Immerse yourself in the extraordinary power and grace of music and dance — beloved by fans of all ages. Fall in love with the magic of Riverdance all over again. For more than 25 years, nothing has carried the energy, the sensuality and the spectacle of Riverdance. Riverdance began its journey as the interval act in the 1994 Eurovision Song Contest, produced for television by Moya Doherty. This electrifying and innovative seven-minute dance piece was then developed into a full-length stage show by producer Moya Doherty, composer Bill Whelan and director John McColgan. With its fusion of Irish and international music and dance, the show broke all box office records during its world-première run in Dublin in early 1995. When the show transferred to London, the reaction was unprecedented. There followed hugely successful tour starting in New York in March 1996, where eight sold-out shows at Radio City Music Hall heralded the start of two decades of touring by Riverdance companies throughout North America. Since its inception, Riverdance has packed theaters throughout North America, Oceania, Asia, Europe, South Africa and South America. Groups of 10+ call 612-373-5665. Presented by Hennepin Theatre Trust Price Range: $47. 50 to $71. 50.

This is just a classy version of Stomp The Yard. gotta stop watching YouTube when I get home drunk from the bar. dont know how I ended up here... Riverdance 25th anniversary show review.





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Free download ordinary love download. Free download lagu u2 ordinary love mp3. Greeeenぽくてすこ. Lately, I've been, I've been losing sleep Dreaming about the things that we could be But, baby, I've been, I've been praying hard Said no more counting dollars We'll be counting stars Yeah, we'll be counting stars I see this life like a swinging vine Swing my heart across the line In my face is flashing signs Seek it out and ye shall find Old but I'm not that old Young but I'm not that bold And I don't think the world is sold On just doing what we're told I feel something so right by doing the wrong thing And I feel something so wrong by doing the right thing I couldn't lie, couldn't lie, couldn't lie Every thing that kills me makes me feel alive Lately, I've been, I've been losing sleep Dreaming about the things that we could be But, baby, I've been, I've been praying hard Said no more counting dollars We'll be counting stars Lately, I've been, I've been losing sleep Dreaming about the things that we could be But, baby, I've been, I've been praying hard Said no more counting dollars We'll be—we'll be counting stars I feel the love And I feel it burn Down this river every turn Hope is our four-letter word Make that money, watch it burn Old but I'm not that old Young but I'm not that bold And I don't think the world is sold On just doing what we're told And I feel something so wrong by doing the right thing I couldn't lie, couldn't lie, couldn't lie Every thing that drowns me makes me wanna fly Lately, I've been, I've been losing sleep Dreaming about the things that we could be But, baby, I've been, I've been praying hard Said no more counting dollars We'll be counting stars Lately, I've been, I've been losing sleep Dreaming about the things that we could be But, baby, I've been, I've been praying hard Said no more counting dollars We'll be—we'll be counting stars Oh, take that money watch it burn Sink in the river the lessons I've learned Take that money watch it burn Sink in the river the lessons I've learned Take that money watch it burn Sink in the river the lessons I've learned Take that money watch it burn Sink in the river the lessons I've learned Thank you for reading. I record covers of popular songs. I appreciate it if you listen to my channel! 😊.

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Ooops! Heh, they forgot to disable the comments! Have fun, patriots

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Genre - Drama / / I Still Believe is a movie starring Britt Robertson, Melissa Roxburgh, and Abigail Cowen. The true-life story of Christian music star Jeremy Camp and his journey of love and loss that looks to prove there is always hope / Stars - Abigail Cowen.

Great stuff! Check us out! Thanks man. The original movie is good, I will give a try to this one, though. Solid actors (Williams, Crudup, Moore) still sell. Losmovies creator jon erwin i still believe love. Losmovies creator jon erwin i still believe god. This a remake of a Best Foreign Language Movie Nominee that was directed by Susanne Bier and stars Mads Mikkelsen. I really love the original. I've read that this remake give justice to the original. This is such a blessing. a great song and encouragement. I love this song so much i cant get it out of my head. Losmovies creator jon erwin i still believe meaning. I swear to god this movie is so adorable and fluffy i cried the hell out of myself at the end. I don't want to spoil but it's definitely not a romance movie even though i root for it to be one.

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If I was a stripper, this would be my song to strip to every time. Losmovies creator Jon Erwin I Still believe i can. Avengers X Star Wars confirmed. From the title and thumbnail I thought clicked thinking this was going to be a romcom. Like me, how many of you are eagerly waiting to watch the movie I still believe. 🐤🌷❤🕊💫♰♱🕆⛪🔵. 32 number one hits on Christian radio across all formats doesn't sound as good 32 number one singles I was taught omission is the same as lying, and that it is a sin to lie. Hollywood is pandering to the Christian market and we should all remain vigilant. Trailers today show too much.

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Seen it 20 times before. Losmovies creator Jon Erwin I still believe. Losmovies creator jon erwin i still believe movie. Justin and Jessica dont belong here. He has always been cheating on her. Wow, I've never heard the song before, but I'm damn glad I found it! That sax is just so great.

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Actor: Elisabeth Moss, Oliver Jackson-Cohen
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The Invisible Man is a movie starring Elisabeth Moss, Oliver Jackson-Cohen, and Aldis Hodge. When Cecilia's abusive ex takes his own life and leaves her his fortune, she suspects his death was a hoax. As a series of coincidences
Oh nice, a movie about john cena. im interested. The invisible man download torrent game. This trailer spoiled all movie thanks xd. Fast & Furious 6 : the last ride. Fast & Furious 7 : one more ride. Fast & Furious 8 : the final ride. Fast & Furious 9 : how do we stop this ride. Fast & Furious 10 : someone help...

0:07 that scared me. Well, I'd rather have your reaction or someone from midnight's edge review the film. remember birds of prey got a much higher critic's review than joker.

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Me literally not doing anything: Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it Don't say it i'M tHe InviSiblE mAN. Programming Problems and Competitions:: HackerRank Let's walk through this sample challenge and explore the features of the code editor. 1 of 6 Each challenge has a problem statement that includes sample inputs and outputs. Some challenges include additional information to help you out. 2 of 6 Select the language you wish to use to solve this challenge. 3 of 6 Code your solution in our custom editor or code in your own environment and upload your solution as a file. 4 of 6 You can compile your code and test it for errors and accuracy before submitting. 5 of 6 When you're ready, submit your solution! Remember, you can go back and refine your code anytime. 6 of 6 Check your score.

Grand Theft Auto 5 the Movie, the Video Game, the DLC: The Movie. This book... I read this book when I was searching for something good in this world and the whole thing deceived me. Ya'll this movie gonna break my heart all over again. İlk yorum. A slap is not OKAY. These men need to understand that we are not going to take their physical abuse and they CANNOT dominate us like this. In a patriarchal society like this, it's important women stand up for themselves and their rights. Hot Receive an email once the selected quality (or above) has been reported Picture and audio quality: Guidelines Movie info DESCRIPTION The Invisible Man is an upcoming sci-fi horror feature film which is an adaptation of 1897 H. G. Wells novel and the 1933 Universal classic of the same name. The narrative focuses on a crazy scientist who after staging a suicide, uses his newly obtained powers to become invisible and terrifies his ex-girlfriend as well as threatens the lives of her loved ones. When no one believes her story, she decides to take matters into her own hands. Directed by Leigh Whannell, the title role is played by Oliver Jackson-Cohen. The remaining leads are played by Storm Reid, Harriet Dyer, Aldis Hodge, and Elisabeth Moss. The Invisible Man will hit theaters on February 28, 2020. So a download in May? Where you watch Email alert The movie is online and reported below, Use the alert button to get notified when higher quality versions are available. Is The Invisible Man available online? Yes. Reports of pirated torrents and streams are available below. When will The Invisible Man be available on digital platforms like iTunes, Amazon or Apple+? As of now, there's no release date announced. This includes iTunes, Amazon, Blu-Ray and DVD. The Invisible Man 2020 720p HDCAM-C1NEM4 Video and audio quality: 1/5 | Source: Camera Submitted by: Costa | Trust Rank level: Hero member Format: Torrent | Site: ettv first cam, contains ads.

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The Invisible Man Download torrent sites. Awesome acting, so realistic. Where's Kevin bacon. The best invisible man is drax from guardians of the galaxy. The invisible man download torrent 2. But they gave EVERYTHING away in this trailer! It boggles my mind that in an industry so advanced, they still don't know how to make a trailer that entices you but doesn't tell you the complete plot and give away important scenes. When will they learn.

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